1. Applications are invited Online from qualified candidates through the proforma Application to be made available on Commission’s WEBSITE ( to the post of Forest Range Officer in Forest Department (EFS&T) in the State of Telangana.

    1. Submission of ONLINE applications from Dt. 21/08/2017

    2. Last date for submission of ONLINE applications Dt. 12/09/2017

    3. Hall Tickets can be downloaded 07 days before commencement of Examination.

  2. The Examination (Objective Type) is likely to be held on Dt.14/10/2017 F.N & A.N and 15/10/2017 F.N&A.N. The Commission reserves the right to conduct the Examination either COMPUTER BASED RECRUITMENT TEST (CBRT) or OFFLINE OMR based Examination of objective type.

    Before applying for the posts, candidates shall register themselves as per the One Time Registration (OTR) through the Official Website of TSPSC. Those who have registered in OTR already, shall apply by login to their profile using their TSPSC ID and Date of Birth as provided in OTR.

    IMPORTANT NOTE: Candidates are requested to keep the details of the following documents ready while uploading their OTR Applications.

    1. Aadhar number

    2. Educational Qualification details i.e., SSC, INTERMEDIATE, DEGREE, POST GRADUATION etc. and their Roll numbers, Year of passing etc.

    3. Community/ Caste Certificate obtained from Mee Seva/ E Seva i.e., Enrollment number and date of issue for uploading in OTR.

  3. The candidates who possess requisite qualification may apply online by satisfying themselves about the terms and conditions of this recruitment. The details of vacancies are given below:-

Post Code

Name of the Post

No. of Vacancies

Age as on 01/07/2017

Min. Max.

Scale of Pay Rs.


Forest Range Officer




(The Details of Vacancies department wise i.e., Community, Zone and Gender wise (General / Women) may be seen at Annexure-I.)

IMPORTANT NOTE: The number of vacancies are subject to variation on intimation being received from the appointing authority


    Applicants must possess the qualifications from a recognized University/ Institution as detailed below or equivalent thereto, as specified in the relevant Service Rules, indented by the Department as on the Date of Notification.

    Post Code

    Name of the Post

    Educational Qualifications


    Forest Range Officer

    Must possess a Bachelors Degree of a University in India established or incorporated by or under a Central Act or State Act or a Provincial Act or an Institution recognized by the University Grants Commission or any equivalent qualification in the following subjects:-

    Physical Requirements: No person shall be eligible for appointment by Direct Recruitment unless:

    For Men:

    For Women:

    N.B: Common for Men and Women

    Must undergo a medical Examination to be conducted by the Medical Board at Hyderabad and produce a health certificate signed by the Medical Board in the form prescribed by Article 49 of the Civil Service Regulations testifying to the candidates sound hearing and general physical fitness for out door work

    in the Forest Department and to the fact that he/she bears on his body marks of successful vaccination.

    Provided that in the case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Tribes and races such as Gurkhas, Nepalese, Assamese, Meghalaya, Ladakh, Nagaland, Manipur, Goutha, Kashmiri, Sikkimese, Bhutanese and Tripura, the minimum standard of height shall be as follows:

    Men : 152 Cms. Women: 145 Cms.

    1. Agriculture

    2. Botany

    3. Chemistry

    4. Computer Applications/Computer Science

    5. Engineering (Agriculture/Chemical/Civil/Computer/Electrical/Elctronics/Mechan ical)

    6. Environmental Science

    7. Forestry

    8. Geology

    9. Horticulture

    10. Mathematics

    11. Physics

    12. Statistics

    13. Veterinary Science

    14. Zoology

    1. He is not less than 163 Cms. in height;

    2. He has 79 Cms. around the Chest on expiration and must have on full inspiration, an expansion of not less than 5 Cms. and

    3. He is able to walk 25 Kms. in Four (4) hours.

    1. She is not less than 150 Cms. in height;

    2. She has 74 Cms. around the chest on expiration and must have on full inspiration, an expansion of not less than 5 Cms. and

    3. She is able to walk 16 Kms. in four (4) hours


  2. AGE: Minimum 18 years & Maximum 28 years. The age is reckoned as on 01/07/2017 (Rule- 12(1)(a)(v) of State and Subordinate Service Rules).

    Minimum Age (18 years): A Candidate should not be born after 01/07/1999.

    Maximum Age (28 years): A candidate should not be born before 02/07/1989.

    The Upper Age limit will be relaxed as per Rules (shown in the table) and will be calculated on the above lines.

    Age Relaxations: The upper age limit prescribed above is however relaxable in the following cases:



    Category of candidates

    Relaxation of age permissible





    Retrenched temporary employees in the State Census Department with a minimum service of 6 months.

    3 Years


    Telangana State Government Employees (Employees of TSRTC, Corporations, Municipalities etc. are not eligible).

    5 Years based on the length of regular service.


    Ex-Service men

    3 years & length of service rendered in the armed forces.


    N.C.C.(who have worked as Instructor in N.C.C.)

    3 Years & length of service rendered in the N.C.C.


    SC/ST and BCs

    5 Years

  3. (a) FEE: (Remittance of Fee) Each applicant must pay Rs. 200/- (RUPEES TWO HUNDRED ONLY) towards Online Application Processing Fee. This apart, the applicants have to pay RS. 120/- (RUPEES ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY ONLY) towards Examination Fee. However, the following category of candidates are exempted from payment of Examination fee.

    1. SC, ST & BC candidates of Telangana State

    2. Unemployed applicants in the age group of 18 to 28 years of Telangana State (They have to submit declaration at an appropriate time to the Commission that they are unemployed).

    3. Ex-service men

N.B.:- BC’s, SC’s and ST’s belonging to other states are not exempted from payment of Application processing Fee and Examination Fee and they are not entitled for any kind of reservation.

  1. Mode of Payment of Fee:

    The Fee mentioned at Para-I(6)(a) is to be paid online through SBI ePay duly following online instructions once the application form details are submitted by filling TSPSC ID, date of birth and other particulars.

    The fee once remitted, shall not be refunded or adjusted under any circumstances. Failure to pay the examination fee, application fee, wherever applicable will entail total rejection of application. The list of Banks providing service for the purpose of online remittance of fee is given in ANNEXURE – II.


    1. The Written Examination (Objective Type) will be held at the following centres or as may be decided by the Commission.

      1. HYDERABAD (including HMDA Jurisdiction)


      3. KHAMMAM

      4. WARANGAL

      5. NIZAMABAD

  1. However, the Commission reserves the right to abolish / create new centre or centres for administrative reasons. Request for change of the centre will not be entertained.



      1. The Applicants have to read the User Guide for Online Submission of Applications and then proceed further.

        1. Step: The Candidate has to visit the WEBSITE and fill the OTR application if not registered earlier to obtain TSPSC ID. While filling the same, the candidates have to ensure that there are no mistakes in it. The Commission bears no responsibility for the mistakes, if any, made by the candidates.

        2. STEP: The candidates have to visit the website to submit Application and Click on the Link with Notification Number and Name, provide TSPSC ID and Date of Birth to proceed further.

          Candidate has to verify the details fetched from various databases pertaining to qualification, caste, Aadhar etc, and displayed on the screen. If the displayed details are correct he/she has to click Yes on confirm button. If any details are not displayed or need to be changed, he/she should click No on confirm button. If details are not displayed a text box will open and candidate has to feed the details manually. Required documents have to be uploaded by clicking the upload button. In addition to the details obtained from OTR database, Notification specific details such as Examination Centre opted, required qualification, university details, eligibility and accepting declarations etc. are to be filled by the candidate. Preview and Edit facility is available to make changes and submit for proceeding to Next step of making online payment of fee.

        3. STEP:-Immediately on entering the above details, the applicant will get payment gateway of SBI ePay.

        4. STEP:-The applicant should pay the prescribed fee as specified through any of the four modes of payment online. Separate instructions have to be followed for each mode of payment.

        5. STEP:-After payment of fee, the PDF Application will be generated which contains the particulars furnished by the candidates. The ID No in the PDF Application form has to be quoted for future reference/correspondence.

          1. Candidate shall note that, the details available with OTR database at the time of submitting the application will be considered for the purpose of this notification. If, any changes are made by the candidate to OTR database at a later date will not be considered for the purpose of this Notification.

          2. Hand written/ Typed/ Photostat copies/ outside printed Application Form will not be accepted and liable for rejection.

          3. The applicants should be willing to serve anywhere in Telangana State.

          4. For any Technical problems related to Online submission and downloading of Hall- Tickets please contact 040-23120301 or 040-23120302(Call Time: 10.30 A.M to 1.00

        P.M & 1.30 P.M to 5.30 P.M) or mail to


        1. The Commission is not responsible, for any discrepancy in Bio-data particulars while submitting the application form through Online. The applicants are therefore, advised to strictly follow the instructions and User guide in their own interest before submitting the application.

        2. The particulars furnished by the applicant in the Application Form will be taken as final, and data entry is processed, based on these particulars only by Computer. Candidates should, therefore, be very careful in Uploading / Submitting the Application Form Online.

        3. Incomplete/incorrect application form will be summarily rejected. The information if any furnished by the candidate subsequently in any form will not be entertained by the Commission under any circumstances. Applicants should be careful in filling-up the application form and submission. If any lapse is detected during the scrutiny, the candidature will be rejected even though he/she comes through the final stage of recruitment process or even at a later stage.

        4. Before Uploading/Submission of Application Form, the Candidates should carefully ensure his/her eligibility for this examination. No relevant column of the application form should be left blank, otherwise application form will not be accepted.


        1. Applicant must compulsorily fill-up all relevant columns of application and submit application through website only. The particulars made available in the website shall be processed through computer and the eligibility decided in terms of notification.

        2. The applications received online in the prescribed proforma available in the website and within the time shall only be considered and the Commission will not be held responsible for any kind of discrepancy.

        3. Applicants must upload his/her own scanned photo and signature through J.P.G format.

        4. The applicants should not furnish any particulars that are false, tampered, fabricated or suppress any material information while making an application through website.

        5. All the essential certificates issued by the competent authority of Telangana State shall compulsorily be kept with the applicants to produce as and when required to do so. Failure to produce the required certificates on the day of verification will lead to disqualification.

        6. Important – The claim of the candidates with regard to the date of birth, educational / technical qualifications, experience and community are accepted only provisionally on the information furnished by them in their application form and is subject to verification and satisfaction of the Commission. Mere admission to any test or interview or inclusion of the

        name of a candidate in a Merit List will not confer on the candidate any right for appointment. The candidature is therefore, provisional at all stages and the Commission reserve the right to reject candidature at any stage of the selection even after the advice has been made.

        7. This Recruitment is entrusted to TSPSC along with Finance Clearance vide G.O. Ms. No. 10 Finance (HRM.VII) Department, Dt. 16/01/2017.

        The following certificates must be kept ready by the candidates for the purpose of verification and also at the time of making Online application.

        i). Aadhar card.

        ii). Proof of Educational Qualifications. iii). Date of Birth Certificate / S.S.C

        iv). School Study Certificate

        v). Declaration by the Unemployed (For claiming examination fee exemption) vi). No Objection Certificate from Employer (if anywhere employed)

        vii). Physical Measurement Certificate issued by Medical Officer not below the rank of Civil Assistant Surgeon.

        The following Certificates should be obtained from Govt. of Telangana State in prescribed proforma for the purpose of verification.

        viii). Community Certificate.

        ix). Non-Creamy Layer Certificate as per Form- VIIB / Creamy Layer Certificate as per Form- VIIC.

        x). Certificate of Residence / Nativity (where the Candidates not studied in School / Private Study)


        1. Vacancies: The recruitment will be made to the vacancies notified before the examination only. There shall be no waiting list as per G.O. Ms. No. 81 General Administration (Ser.A) Department, Dated 22/02/1997. If additional vacancies are reported by the Government an addendum to that effect will be issued.

        2. Recruitment:- The recruitment will be processed as per the Notification and also as per the Service Rules and Instructions issued by the Government and also as decided by the Commission from time to time in terms of Special Rules/ Adhoc Rules governing the recruitment and G.O.Ms.No.154, EFS&T (For-V), dated 18/11/1997, G.O.Ms.No.159, EFS&T (For-V), dated 8/12/2008, G.O.Ms.No.188, EFS&T (For-V), dated 09/09/1993, and G.O.Ms.No.38, EFS&T (For-I), Dt 01/06/2016.

        3. Rules: All are informed that the various conditions and criterion prescribed herein are governed by the General Rules of existing State and Subordinate Service Rules, read with the relevant Special Rules applicable to any particular service in the departments. Any guidelines or clarification is based on the said Rules, and, in case of any necessity, any matter will be processed as per the relevant General and Special Rules in force.

        4. Constitutional Provisions:- The Commission is empowered under the provisions of Article 315 and 320 of the Constitution of India read with relevant laws, rules, regulations and executive instructions and all other enabling legal provisions in this regard to conduct examination for appointment to the posts notified herein, duly following the principle of order of merit as per Rule 3 d (ix) (a) of the TSPSC Rules of Procedure read with reference to relevant statutory provisions and ensuring that the whole recruitment and selection process is carried out with utmost regard to maintain secrecy and confidentiality so as to ensure that the principle of merit is followed. A candidate shall be disqualified for appointment, if he himself / she herself or through relations or friends or any others has canvassed or endeavored to enlist for his candidature, extraneous support, whether from official or non-official sources for appointment to this service.

        5. Zonal/Local:- The Zonal and Local Reservations shall be followed as per the Para -8 of

          A.P. Public Employment (Organization of Local Cadres and Regulation of Direct Recruitment) Order, 1975 (G.O.P. No. 674, G.A. (SPF-A) Dept., Dated: 20/10/1975) read with G.O. Ms. No. 124, General Administration (SPF-A) Department, dated: 07/03/2002 and other orders issued by the Government and within the meaning of Sections 3 and 97 of

          A.P. State Reorganization Act 06/2014.

        6. Employed:- The persons already in Government Service/ Autonomous bodies/ Government aided institutions etc., whether in permanent or temporary capacity or as work charged employees are required to inform in writing to the Head of Office / Department, as the case may be and required to submit the “No objection” from the concerned Head of Office / Department to the Commission as and when required to do so.

        7. Penal Action:- The Commission is also empowered to invoke the penal provisions of the

          A.P. Public Examinations (Prevention of Malpractices and Unfair means) Act 25/97 for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto and as per the Rules of Procedure of TSPSC published in Telangana Gazette No: 60 dated 28/12/2015 in respect of this Notification.

        8. Caste & Community: Community Certificate issued by the competent authority (obtained from Government of Telangana State) in terms of G.O.Ms No. 58, SW (J) Dept., dt: 12/5/97 read with G.O. Ms. No. 5 Scheduled Castes Development (POA.A2) Dept., Dt. 08/08/2014,

          G.O. Ms. No. 11 Scheduled Castes Development (POA.A2) Dept., Dt. 17/09/2014 and G.O. Ms. No. 2 Scheduled Castes Development (POA.A2) Dept., Dt. 22/01/2015 should be submitted at appropriate time in respect of SC & ST Candidates. In respect of candidates belonging to Backward Classes are required to produce Community Certificate (BC-A, BC- B, BC-C, BC-D& BC-E) from Competent Authority i.e., from Tahsildars in the State of Telangana not below the rank of Deputy Tahsildar through E-seva/Mee-seva (G.O. Ms. No. 16 BCW(OP) Dept., Dt. 11/03/2015) and orders and instructions issued by the Government from time to time. As per General Rules for State and Subordinate Service Rules, Rule - 2(28) Explanation: No person who professes a religion different from Hinduism shall be deemed a member of Schedule Caste.

        9. Reservation:- (i)The Reservation and eligibility in terms of General Rule 22 & 22 (A) of State and Subordinate Service Rules are applicable.

      2. Reservation to Disabled persons is not applicable as per AP Forest Service Rules vide G.O.Ms.No.154, EFS &T(For.V) Dept, Dt.18/11/1997 adopted by Government of Telangana vide G.O.Ms.No.38, EFS&T(For-I) Dept. Dt:01/06/2016.

      3. The Reservation to Women will apply as per Telangana State and Subordinate Service Rules.

      4. Reservation to BC-E group will be subject to the adjudication of the litigation before the Honorable Courts including final orders in Civil Appeal No: (a) 2628-2637 of 2010 in SLP. No. 7388-97 of 2010, dated. 25/03/2010 and orders from the Government.

  1. Distance Education:- The Candidates who have obtained Degrees through Open Universities / Distance Education mode are required to have recognition by the University Grants Commission / AICTE / Distance Education Council as the case may be. Unless such Degrees had been recognised by the relevant Statutory Authority, they will not be accepted for purpose of Educational Qualification. The onus of Proof of recognition by the relevant Statutory Authority that their Degrees / Universities have been recognised, rests with the Candidate.


Reservation to the Local candidates is applicable as provided in the Rules and as amended from time to time as in force on the date of notification. The candidates claiming reservation as Local candidates should obtain the required Study certificates (from IV Class to X Class or SSC) (OR) Residence Certificate in the Proforma only for those candidates who have not studied in any Educational Institutions as the case may be. The relevant certificates may be got ready with authorized signature and kept with the candidates to produce as and when required.

DEFINITION OF LOCAL CANDIDATE:- In terms of Para-(7) of A.P. Public Employment (Organization of Local Cadres and Regulation of Direct Recruitment) Order, 1975 (G.O.P. No. 674, G.A. (SPF-A) Dept., Dated: 20/10/1975). "LOCAL CANDIDATE" means a candidate for direct recruitment to any post in relation to that Local area where he/she has studied in Educational Institution(s) for not less than four consecutive academic years prior to and including the year in which he/she appeared for S.S.C or its equivalent examination. If however, he/she has not studied in any educational institution and obtained SSC or its equivalent qualification or Open School, Private Study basis, he/she has to produce residential certificate issued by the Tahsildar.

  1. In case any Candidate who does not fall within the scope of above then, if he/she has studied for a period of not less than seven years prior to and inclusive of the year in which he/she has studied SSC or its equivalent qualification, he/she will be regarded as local candidate on the basis of the maximum period out of the said period of seven years and where the period of his/her study in two or more local areas or equal such local area where he/she has studied last in such equal periods will be taken for determining the local candidature. Similarly, if he/she has not studied during the above said period in any Educational Institution(s) and obtained private study the place of residence during the above period will be taken into consideration and local candidature will be determined with reference to the maximum period of residence or in the case of equal period where he/she has resided last in such equal periods.

  2. If the claim for local candidature is based on study, the candidate is required to produce a certificate from the Educational Institution(s) where he/she has studied during the said 4/7-

    year period. If, however, it is based on residence, a certificate should be obtained from an officer of the Revenue Department not below the rank of Tahsildar or Deputy Tahsildar in independent charge of Mandal.

  3. If, however, a candidate has resided in more than one Mandal during the relevant four/seven years period but within the same District or Zone as the case may be separate certificates from the Tahsildar exercising jurisdiction have to be obtained in respect of different areas.


    1. Residence Certificate will not be accepted, if a candidate has studied in any educational institution up to S.S.C. or equivalent examination, such candidates have to produce study certificates invariably. The candidates, who acquired Degree from Open Universities without studying SSC / Matriculation or equivalent in Educational Institutions, have to submit Residence Certificate only. Educational institutions means a recognized institution by the Government / University / Competent Authority. The Open school students must invariably enter the residence particulars in the Application form, failing which they will automatically fall under “OTHERS” (NON-LOCAL) category.

    2. Each of the following Zones comprises the Districts mentioned against each Zone. The following are the Present Zones in the Telangana State:

  1. Adilabad, Karimnagar, Warangal and Khammam. (ADB, KRMN, WGL, KMM)

  2. Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Nizamabad, Mahaboobnagar, Medak and Nalgonda. (HYD, RRD, NZB, MBNR, MDK, NLG)

    PARA-VII: SCHEME OF EXAMINATION:- The Scheme & Syllabus for the examination has been shown in ANNEXURE-III.



    1. Examination (Objective Type) by Online / OMR based.

    2. Walking Test & Medical Test


    3. Interview (only for those qualified as per Rules).


  1. The scheme of Examination consists of Qualifying Examination i.e., 1) General English

    2) Mathematics (SSC Standard) and the minimum qualifying marks for the above papers are for OCs 40%, BCs 35% SCs, & STs 30%. The marks secured by the candidates in the above Qualifying Exams will not be counted for the purpose of final selection.

  2. Those candidates who qualify in the Examination (Objective Type) i.e., 1). General Studies,

    2) Optional paper in order of merit will be called for verification of Certificates as required, Community and Category wise for the vacancies available. And for Interview in the ratio of 1:2. The minimum qualifying marks for Interview / Selection are OCs 40%, BCs 35% SCs,

    & STs 30% The minimum qualifying marks are relaxable in the case of SC/ST/BC at the discretion of the Commission.

  3. The candidates will be selected and allotted to Service / Department in Telangana State as per their rank in the merit list and as per zonal preference for allotment of candidates against vacancies and for the vacancies available.

    N.B.: Mere securing minimum qualifying marks does not vest any right in a candidate for being considered for selection.

  4. The appearance in all papers at the Written Examination as per rules is compulsory. / Absence in any paper/ papers will automatically render his candidature as disqualified.

  5. Candidates have to produce Original documents and other particulars on the day of verification itself. If candidate fails to produce any of the required certificates and if the particulars furnished by him / her in the Application do not tally with the Original documents produced him / her, then his / her candidature will be rejected/disqualified without any

    further correspondence. As candidature for the recruitment is processed through Computer/Electronic devices based on the particulars furnished in the Application Form, the candidate is advised to fill in all the relevant particulars carefully.

  6. While the Commission calls for preference of candidates in respect of posts, zones etc., in the application form, it is hereby clarified that the said preferences are only indicative for being considered to the extent possible but not binding or limiting the Commission’s powers enjoyed under Article 315 and 320 of the Constitution of India. Therefore, the Commission has the power to assigning a successful candidate to any of the notified posts for which he is considered by them to be qualified and eligible, subject to fulfilling the selection criterion. Mere claim of preference for any Zone for allotment against vacancy does not confer a right to selection for that Zone in particular or any Zone in general.

  7. The appointment of selected candidates (other than Physically challenged) will be subject to their being found medically fit in the appropriate Medical Examination, and if he/she is of sound health, active habits free from any bodily defect or infirmity.


  1. Candidates should make sure of their eligibility to the post applied for and that the declaration made by them in the format of application regarding their eligibility is correct in all respects. Any candidate furnishing in-correct information or making false declaration regarding his/her eligibility at any stage or suppressing any information is liable to be debarred for five years from appearing for any of the examinations conducted by the commission, and summarily rejection of their candidature for this recruitment.

  2. The Penal Provisions of Act 25/97 published in the State Gazette No. 35, Part-IV.B Extraordinary dated: 21/08/1997 shall be invoked if malpractice and unfair means are noticed at any stage of the Recruitment.

  3. The Commission is vested with the constitutional duty of conducting recruitment and selection as per rules duly maintaining utmost secrecy and confidentiality in this process and any attempt by anyone causing or likely to cause breach of this constitutional duty in such manner or by such action as to violate or likely to violate the fair practices followed and ensured by the Commission will be sufficient cause for rendering such questionable means as ground for debarment and penal consequences as per law and rules and as may be decided by the Commission.

  4. Any candidate is or has been found impersonating or procuring impersonation by any person or resorting to any other irregular or improper means in connection with his / her candidature for selection or obtaining support of candidature by any means, such a candidate may in addition to rendering himself/ herself liable to criminal prosecution, will be debarred permanently from any exam or selection held by the Service Commission in the country.

MEMORANDUM OF MARKS:- Memorandum of Marks will be issued on payment of Rs.200/- (Rupees Two Hundred Only) through Online Payment in favour of the Secretary,

    1. Public Service Commission, Hyderabad. Request for Memorandum of Marks from candidates, will be entertained after one month from the date of publication of the final results in TSPSC Website. The Memorandum of Marks will be issued to the candidates for a period of 90 days only. Request for revaluation or recounting will not be undertaken under any circumstances. Invalid, disqualified, ineligible candidates will not be issued any Memorandum of Marks and fees paid by such candidates, if any, will be forfeited to Government account, without any correspondence in this regard.

      In case of Off-line examination, if any candidate fails to mark the Booklet Series, Roll Number etc., in the OMR Answer Sheet, the Commission reserves the right to invalidate such Answer Sheets as Answer Sheets are valued by Optical Mark Scanner. No request for reconsideration of such rejected/invalidated cases will be entertained under any circumstances whatsoever.

      PARA-X:- Please read the following Annexures appended to the Notification before filling the application form.

      1. Breakup of Vacancies

      2. Payment gateway

      3. Scheme and Syllabus

      4. Instructions to the Candidates

      5. List of Communities


Candidates are directed to follow the Commission’s Website ( regularly to know the latest developments of this Recruitment and any changes/ Modifications/ Addendum/ Corrigendum, dates of Examination, calling of candidates for verification of

Certificates/ Interviews/ Results etc. Candidates are advised to go through the Instructions to Candidates enclosed to this Notification at Annexure-IV.


The decision of the Commission in all aspects and in all respects pertaining to the application and its acceptance or rejection as the case may be, conduct of examination and at all consequent stages culminating in the selection or otherwise of any candidate shall be final in all respects and binding on all concerned, under the powers vested with it under Article 315 and 320 of the Constitution of India. Commission also reserves its right to alter and modify time and conditions laid down in the notification for conducting the various stages up to selection, duly intimating details thereof to all concerned, as warranted by any unforeseen circumstances arising during the course of this process, or as deemed necessary by the Commission at any stage.


DATE: 15/ 08/2017 SECRETARY













Grand Total






































































IMPORTANT NOTE: The number of vacancies are subject to variation on intimation being received from the appointing authority.




List of Banks for making payment through SBI ePay.


5.Oriental Bank of Commerce

17.Lakshmi Vilas Bank

6.Punjab National Bank

1.State Bank of India

6.United Bank of India

18.Punjab & Sind Bank

7.Union Bank of India

2.State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur

7.Vijaya Bank

19.IDBI Bank


3.State Bank of Hyderabad

8.City Union Bank

20.Indusind Bank

1.HDFC Bank

4.State Bank of Mysore

9. Catholic Syrian Bank

21.Syndicate Bank

2.ICICI Bank

5.State Bank of Patiala

10.Federal Bank


3.Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait

6. State Bank of Travancore

11. ING Vysya Bank

1.Canara Bank

4.Citi Bank


12.Jammu & Kashmir Bank

2.Central Bank of India

5.Indian Overseas Bank

1.Bank of Maharashtra

13. KarurVysya Bank

3.Deutsche Bank

6.Karnataka Bank

2.Corporation Bank

14.South Indian Bank

4.Dhanalaxmi Bank

7.Ratnakar Bank

3.Dena Bank

15.Tamilnadu Mercantile Bank

5.Kotak Bank

4.Indian Bank

16.DCB Bank




Internet Banking

State Bank Group (6 Banks)

All amounts

Rs.3/-per transaction +Taxes

All other Banks

List-A (21 Banks)

All amounts

Rs.5/-per transaction +Taxes

List-B (7 Banks)

All amounts

Rs.8/-per transaction +Taxes

List-C (7 Banks)

All amounts

Rs.12/-per transaction +Taxes

Debit Card

All Banks

( Master/Mastreo/Visa/Rupay )

Up to 2000/-

0.75 % of the transaction amount + Taxes

2001/- &


1.00% of the transaction +Taxes

Credit card


All amounts

1.00% of transaction amount + Taxes

IMPS – Mobile payments

All Amounts

Rs. 7/- of the transaction Amount + Taxes



Scheme of Examination


General English Paper *



100 Minutes

100 Marks


Mathematics Paper * (SSC/Higher School Standard)



100 Minutes

100 Marks

*The marks in the above two exams are treated as qualifying marks only


General Studies Paper



150 Minutes

150 Marks


Optional Paper (One Only)



150 Minutes

300 Marks


50 Marks


500 Marks

List of Optional Papers:

The candidates have to choose one optional paper from the following:

01. Agriculture

08. Civil Engineering

15. Geology

02. Botany

09. Computer Engineering

16. Horticulture

03. Chemistry

10. Electrical Engineering

17. Mathematics

04.Computer Applications

11.Electronics Engineering

18. Physics

05. Computer Science

12.Mechanical Engineering

19. Statistics

06.Agriculture Engineering

13. Environmental Science

20. Veterinary Science

07. Chemical Engineering

14. Forestry

21. Zoology




  1. Vocabulary: synonyms, antonyms, phrasal verbs, commonly missed words, homonyms, homophones.

  2. Parts Of Speech: Noun, Pronoun, verb, adverb, adjectives, articles, conjunctions, prepositions.

  3. Tenses.

  4. Direct Speech, Indirect Speech.

  5. Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences.

  6. Linkers and Clauses.

  7. Idioms and One Word Substitutions.

  8. Comprehension.

  9. Degrees of Comparision.

  10. Question Pattern and Question Tags.

    2. MATHEMATICS PAPER (SSC /High School Standard)

    ARITHMETIC: Number System-Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers, Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.

    Unitary method-time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.

    Elementary Number Theory – Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2,3,4,5,9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Thorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

    ALGEBRA: Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns – analytical and Graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable and their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, laws of indices.

    TRIGONOMETRY: Sine x, Cosine x, Tangent x when Oo = x = 90o values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x= Oo , 30o, 45o, 60o and 90o.

    Simple trigonometric identities. Use of trigonometric tables.

    Simple cases of heights and distances.

    GEOMETRY: Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a point, (ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square, (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci.

    MENSURATION: Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.

    STATISTICS: Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.



  1. Current affairs – Regional, National and International.

  2. International Relations and Events.

  3. General Science; India’s Achievements in Science and Technology.

  4. Environmental issues; Disaster Management- Prevention and Mitigation Strategies.

  5. Economic and Social Development of India and Telangana.

  6. Physical, Social and Economic Geography of India.

  7. Physical, Social and Economic Geography and Demography of Telangana.

  8. Socio-economic, Political and Cultural History of Modern India with special emphasis on Indian National Movement.

  9. Socio-economic, Political and Cultural History of Telangana with special emphasis on Telangana Statehood Movement and formation of Telangana state.

  10. Indian Constitution; Indian Political System; Governance and Public Policy.

  11. Social Exclusion; Rights issues such as Gender, Caste, Tribe, Disability etc. and inclusive policies.

  12. Society, Culture, Heritage, Arts and Literature of Telangana.

  13. Policies of Telangana State.

    O P T I O N A L P A P E R


      Agriculture, its importance in National economy. Factors determining agro-ecological zones and geographic distribution of crop plants. Importance of crop plants, cultural practices for cereal, pulses, oilseed, fibre, sugar, tuber and fodder crops and scientific basis for these crop-rotations, multiple and relay cropping, intercropping and mixed cropping.

      Soil as medium of plant growth and its composition, mineral and organic constituents of the soil and their role in crop production; chemical, physical and microbiological properties of soils. Essential plant nutrients (macro and micro) their functions, occurrence, cycling in soils. Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use. Organic manures and bio- fertilizers, inorganic fertilizers, integrated nutrient management.

      Principles of plant physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, transactions and metabolism of nutrients.

      Diagnosis of nutrient deficiencies and their amelioration photosynthesis and respiration, growth and development, auxins and hormones in plant growth.

      Cell and cell organelles. Cell division. Reproductive cycle, Principles of genetics, gene- interaction, sex determination, linkage and re-combination, mutation, extra chromosomal inheritance, polyploidy. Origin and domestication of crop plants. Genetic resources- conservation and utilization. Floralbiology in relation to selfing and crossing.

      Genetic basis of plant breeding pureline selection, mass selection, male sterility and incompatibility and their use in plant breeding. Pedigree selection, back-cross method of selection. Heterosis and its exploitation. Development of hybrids, composites and synthetic, important varieties, hybrids, composites and synthetic of major crops. Seeds and seed production techniques.

      Important fruit and vegetable crops of India, method of propagation-Sexual and asexual. Package and practices and their scientific basis. Crop rotation, intercropping, companion crops, role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition, post-harvest handling and processing of fruits and vegetables. Landscaping and ornamental horticulture, commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Serious pests and diseases affecting major crops. Principles of control of crop pests and diseases, integrated management. Proper use and maintenance of plant protection equipment.

      Principles of economics as applied to agriculture. Farm planning and optimum resource-use efficiency and maximizing income and employment. Farm systems and their spatial distribution, their significant roles in regional economic development.

    2. BOTANY

  1. Cell Biology: Structure and function of cell wall (extracelluar matrix or ECM), cell membrane and cell organelles, Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pore complex (NPC), chromosome and nucleosome, Mitosis, meiosis, molecular control involving check-points in cell division cycle. Differentiation, cellular senescence.

  2. Genetics, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: Laws of inheritance. Concept of gene and allelomorph. Linkage crossing over and gene mapping. Structural and numerical changes in chromosomes and gene mutations. Sex determination and differentiation. Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins. Genetic code. Regulation of gene expression. Genetic engineering and crop improvement. Protoplast, cell, tissue and organ cultures. Somatic hybridization. Biofertilizers and biopesticides. Biotechnology in agri-horticulture, medicine and industry.

  3. Tissue Systems: Origin, development, structure and function of primary and secondary tissue.

  4. Plant Diversity and Systematics: Structure and function of plant forms from evolutionary aspects (viruses to Angiosperms including fossils_. Principles of nomenclature, classification and identification of plants. Modern approaches in plant Taxonomy. Recent classification of living organism into three groups (bacteria, archaea and eukarya).

  5. Plant Physiology: Water relations. Mineral nutrition. Photosynthesis. Respiration. Nitrogen metabolism. Enzymes and coenzymes. Dynamics of growth, growth movements, growth substances, photomorphogenesis. Secondary metabolites. Isotopes in biological studies. Physiology of flowering.

  6. Methods of Reproduction and Seed Biology: Vegetative, asexual and sexual methods of reproduction. Pollination and fertilization. Sexual incompatibility. Development, structure, dormancy and germination of seed.

  7. Plant Pathology: Diseases of rice, wheat, sugarcane, potato, mustard, groundnut and cotton crops. Factors affecting infection (host factors, pathogen factors, biotic factors like rhizosphere and phyllosphere organisms). Chemical, biological and genetic methods of disease control (including transgenic plants).

  8. Plant and Environment: Biotic and abiotic components. Ecological adaptation. Types of vegetational zones and forests of India. Deforestation, afforestation, social forestry and plant introduction. Soil erosion, wasteland, reclamation. Environmental pollution and its control (including phytoremediation). Bio-indicators. Global warming.

  9. Biodiversity, plant Genetic Resources: Methods of conservation of plant genetic resources and its importance. Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD). Endangered, threatened and endemic taxa. Role of cell/tissue culture in propagation and enrichment of genetic diversity. Plants as sources of food, fodder, forage, fibres, oils, drugs, wood and timber, paper, rubber, beverages, spices, essential oils and resins, gums, dyes, insecticides, pesticides and ornamentation. Biomass as a source of energy.

  10. Origin of Life and Evolution: Basic concept of origin of earth and origin of life. Theories of organic evolution, molecular basis of evolution.


        1. Atomic structure: Schrodinger wave equation, significance of Ψ and Ψ2 quantum numbers

          and their significance, radial and angular probability, shapes of orbitals, relative energies of atomic orbitals as a function of atomic number. Electronic configurations of elements; Aufbau principle, Hund’s multiplicity rule, Pauli exclusion principle.

        2. Chemical periodicity: Periodic classification of elements, salient characteristics of s,p,d and f block elements. Periodic trends of atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization potential, electron affinity and electro-negativity in the periodic table.

        3. Chemical bonding: Types of bonding, overlap of atomic orbitals, sigma and pi-bonds, hydrogen and metallic bonds. Shapes of molecules bond order, bond length, V.S.E.P.R. theory and bond angles. The concept of hybridization and shapes of molecules and ions.

        4. Oxidation states and oxidation number: Oxidation and reduction, oxidation numbers, common redox reactions, ionic equations. Balancing of equations for oxidation and reduction reactions.

        5. Acids and bases: Bronsted and Lewis theories of acids and bases. Hard and soft acids and bases. HSAB principle, relative strengths of acids and bases and the effect of substituents and solvents on their strength.

        6. Chemistry of elements:

          • Hydrogen: Its unique position in the periodic table, isotopes, ortho and para hydrogen, industrial production, heavy water.

          • Chemistry of ‘s’ and ‘p’ block elements: Electronic configuration, general characteristics properties, inert pair effect, allotrophy and catenation. Special emphasis on solutions of alkali and alkaline earth metals in liquid ammonia. Preparation, properties and structures of boric acid, borates, boron nitrides, borohydride (diborane), carboranes, oxides and oxyacids of nitrogen, phosphorous, sulphur and chlorine; interhalogen compounds, polyhalide ions, pseudohalogens, fluorocarbons and basic properties of halogens. Chemical reactivity of noble gases, preparation, structure and bonding of noble gas compounds.

          • Chemistry of ‘d’ block elements: Transition metals including lanthanides, general characteristic properties, oxidation states, magnetic behaviour, colour. First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds (oxides, halides and sulphides); lanthanide contraction.

        7. Extraction of metals: Principles of extraction of metals as illustrated by sodium, magnesium, aluminum, iron, nickel, copper, silver and gold.

        8. Nuclear Chemistry: Nuclear reactions; mass defect and binding energy, nuclear fission and fusion. Nuclear reactors; radioisotopes and their applications.

        9. Coordination compounds: Nomenclature, isomerism and theories of coordination compounds and their role in nature and medicine.

        10. Pollution and its control: Air pollution, types of air pollution, control of air and water pollution, radioactive pollution.


        1. Bonding and shapes of organic molecules: Electronegativity, electron displacements- inductive, mesomeric and hyperconjugative effects; bond polarity and bond polarizability, dipole moments of organic molecules; hydrogen bond; effects of solvent and structure on dissociation constants of acids and bases; bond formation, fission of covalent bonds; homolysis and heterolysis; reaction intermediates-carbocations, carbanions, free radicals and carbenes; generation geometry and stability; nucleophiles and electrophiles.

        2. Chemistry of aliphatic compounds: Nomenclature alkanes-synthesis, reactions (free radical halogenation) – reactivity and selectivity, sulphonation-detergents; cycloalkanes- Baeyers’ strain theory; alkanes and alkynes-synthesis, electrohilic addition; reactions, Markownikov’s rule, peroxide effects, 1-3-dipolar addition; nucleophilic addition to electron- deficient alkenes; polymerization; relative acidity; synthesis and reactions of alkyl halides, alkanols, alkanals, alkanones, alkanoic acids, esters, amides, nitriles, amines, acid anhydrides, αβ -unsatuarated ketones, ethers and nitro compounds.

        3. Stereochemistry of carbon compounds: Elements of symmetry, chiral and achiral compounds. Fischer projection formulae; optical isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids, enantiomerism and diastereo-isomerism; configuration (relative and absolute); conformations of alkanes upto four carbons, cyclohexane and dimethylcyclo-hexanes their potential energy D,L and R,S notations of compounds containing chiral centers; projection formulae-Fischer, Newman and sawhorse of compounds containing two adjacent chiral centers; meso and dl- isomers, erythro and threo isomers; racemization and resolution; examples of homotopic, enantiotopic and diasteretopic atoms and groups in organic compounds, geometrical isomers; E and Z notations. Stero-chemistry of SN1, SN2,E1 and E2 reactions.

        4. Organometallic compounds: Preparation and synthetic uses of Grignard reagents, alkyl lithium compounds.

        5. Active methylene compounds: Diethyl malonate, ethyl acetoacetate. ethyl cyanoacetate- applications in organic synthesis; tautomerism (keto-enol).

        6. Chemistry of aromatic compounds: Aromaticity; Huckel’s rule; electrophilic aromatic substitution-nitration, sulphonation, halogenation (nuclear and side chain), Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, substituents effect; chemistry and reactivity of aromatic halides, phenols, nitro, diazo, dia-zonium and sulphonic acid derivatives, benzyne reactions.

        7. Chemistry of biomolecules: (i) Carobhydrates: Classification, reactions, structure of glucose, D,L-configuration, osazone formation; fructose and sucrose; step-up step-down of aldoses and ketoses; and their interconversion, (ii) Amino acids: Essential amino acids; zwitterions, isoelectric point, polypeptides; proteins; methods of synthesis of α-amino acids. (iii) Elementary idea of oils, fats, soaps and detergents.

        8. Basic principles and applications of UV, visible, IR and NMR spectroscopy of simple organic molecules.


        1. Gaseous state: Deviation of real gases from the equation of state for an ideal gas, Vander Waals and Viril equation of state, critical phenomena, principle of corresponding states, equation for reduced state. Liquification of gases, distribution of molecular speed, collisions between molecules in a gas; mean free path, specific heat of gases.

        2. Thermodynamics:

          • First Law and its applications: Thermodynamic systems, states and processes work, heat and internal energy, zeroth law of thermodynamics, various types of work done on a system in reversible and irreversible processes. Calorimetry and thermo-chemistry, enthalpy and enthalpy changes in various physical and chemical processes, Joule- Thomson effect, inversion temperature. Heat capacities and temperature dependence of enthalpy and energy changes.

            • Second Law and its applications: Spontaneity of a process, entropy and entropy changes in various processes, free energy functions, criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium constant and thermodynamic quantities.

        3. Phase rule and its applications: Equilibrium between liquid, solid and vapours of a pure substance, Clausius-Clapeyron equation and its applications. Number of components, phases and degrees of freedom; phase rule and its applications; simple systems with one (water and sulphur) and two components (lead-silver, salt hydrates). Distribution law, its modifications, limitations and applications.

        4. Solutions: Solubility and its temperature dependence, partially miscible liquids, upper and lower critical solution temperatures, vapour pressures of liquids over their mixtures, Raoult’s and Henry’s law, fractional and steam distillations.

        5. Colligative Properties: Dilute solutions and colligative properties, determination of molecular weights, using colligative properties.

        6. Electro-chemistry: Ions in solutions, ionic equilibria, dissociation constants of acids and bases, hydrolysis, pH and buffers, theory of indicators and acid-base titrations. Conductivity of ionic solutions, its variation with concentration, Ostwald’s dilution law, Kohrausch law and its application. Transport number and its determination. Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, galvanic cells and measurements of their e.m.f., cell reactions, standard cell, standard reduction potential Nernst equation, relation between thermodynamic quantities and cell e.m.f., fuel cells, potentiometric titrations.

        7. Chemical kinetics: Rate of chemical reaction and its dependence on concentrations of the reactants, rate constant and order of reaction and their experimental determination; differential and integral rate equations for first and second order reaction, half-life periods; temperature dependence of rate constant and Arrhenius parameters; elementary ideas regarding collision and transition state theory.

        8. Photochemistry: Absorption of light, laws of photochemistry, quantum yield, the excited state and its decay by radiative, non-radiative and chemical pathways; simple photochemical reactions.

        9. Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis and their characteristics, mechanism of heterogeneous catalysis; enzyme catalysed reactions (Michaelis-Menten mechanism)

        10. Colloids: The colloidal state, preparation and purification of colloids and their characteristics properties; lyophilic and lyophobic colloids and coagulation; protection of colloids; gels, emulsions, surfactants and micelles.

    2. COMPUTER APPLICATIONS Computer Fundamentals and Applications

      Generation of Computers, PC Family of Computers, Different I/O devices; Introduction to Operating System, Overview of different Operating Systems, Functions of Operating System; Introduction to Windows, Working with Accessories (Notepad, WordPad and Paint); Personalizing Windows, Installing and Removing Applications, Boot Options and Concept of Registry.

      Introduction to Office Tools: Word Processing, Advantages of Work Processing, fundamentals of MS-Word, Working with Menus and Toolbars, Introduction to Macros. Overview of Excel, Working with Cells, Creating Worksheets, Working with Formulae Bar. Introduction to PowerPoint, Creating and Designing Slides, Working with Hyperlinks & Animation.

      Data and File Structures

      Introduction: Introduction to Data Structures; Primitive and non-primitive data structure; Linear and non-linear data structure; Recursion Function and its examples. String Manipulation, String Matching Techniques & Applications.

      Concept of Stack and Queue. Single and Doubly – Linked Lists. Circular linked List, their implementation and comparison. Array based and Linked List based Implementation of stack and Queues and their applications.

      Searching: Sequential and Binary Search on Array – based ordered lists. Sorting Techniques: Insertion Sort, Selection Sort, Quick Sort, Heap Sort. External Sorting: K-way Merge Strategy. File Structures: Sequential Files, Indexed Files, Direct Files.

      Binary Trees, their implementation and traversals. Binary Search Tree: Searching, Insertion and Deletion of nodes.

      Database Management Systems

      Elementary Database Concepts. Relational model – Concept, Algebra and Constraints, Use of SQL as a Relational database language in data definition and query formulation. ER Model, Normalization: First, Second, Third Normalizations. Database backup, recovery.

      Programming concepts in C/C++

      C Language fundamentals, Data types, Variables, Operators. Functions, Parameter passing techniques, storage classes, Recursion. Arrays: Declaration; initialization; 2-dimensional and 3- dimensional array, passing array to function, strings and string functions, and character arrays. File I/O.

      Introduction to classes and objects; Constructor; destructor; Operator overloading; Function Overloading; function overriding; friend function; copy constructor;

      Inheritance: Single, Multiple and Multilevel Inheritance; Virtual functions and Polymorphism: Dynamic binding, Static binding; Virtual functions; Pure virtual function; Concrete implementation of virtual functions; Dynamic binding Call mechanism, Implementation of Polymorphism, virtual destructors.

      Templates: function Templates, Class Templates, Member function Template and Template Arguments, Exception Handling, Standard Template Library; Containers, Algorithms, Iterators and Function Objects.

      Software Engineering

      Introduction: Software Engineering, Evolving role of Software, Concept of Software, Changing nature of Software, Software Myths, Software Importance, Characteristics, Software Components, Software crises, Software engineering Challenges (Scale, Quality Productivity, Consistency and Repeatability, Change), Software standard, Software Engineering Approach.

      Introduction to Software Requirement Analysis and Specification: Software requirement, (need for SRS requirement process), problem analysis (informal approach, data flow modelling, Object oriented modelling, prototyping), requirement specification (characteristics, components), Concept of Use Cases, Concept of validation

      Design Engineering: Function oriented design, Design principles, Coupling and Cohesion, Design Notations & Specifications, Structured Design Methodology.

      Operating Systems

      Overview of an Operating System, Resource Management, Operating System Interface, Process Management concepts, Inter-Process Communication, Process Scheduling, Synchronization, Deadlocks.

      Memory Management, Linking, Loading, Memory Allocation, Design Issues and Problems, Virtual Memory, Fragmentation, Implementing Virtual Memory Paging, Segmentation, Virtual Memory Design Techniques, Buffering Techniques, Spooling.

      File Management- File Systems & I/O Device Drivers, Access Strategies, File Systems, File System Oraganization, Design Techniques.

      Case Studies, Unix/Linux Operating Systems, Users View, design Principles, Implementation, Process Management, File System, I/O System, Windows 2003.

      Java Programming

      An overview to Java, Comparison with other languages (C & C++), Java and Internet, Features of Java, Introduction to Java Virtual Machine, Object Oriented Programming concepts (Abstraction, Encapsulation, Inheritance, Polymorphism). Data types, Variables, Operators.

      Arrays: Single and Multidimensional. Input, output, Error Statements, Control Statements and Looping Structures. Typecasting, Classes & Objects: Class Fundamentals, Declaring Objects, Constructors, Overloading, Access specifiers, static, the final modifier, Command Line arguments & Argument passing. Inheritance : Basics of Inheritance, Super class, Member Access, Creating a Multilevel Hierarchy, Method Overriding, Dynamic Method Dispatch & Abstract Class.

      Packages and Interfaces, Exception Handling; fundamentals of Exceptions, Exception types, using Try and Catch, Throwing Exceptions, Multithreaded Programming: Java Thread Model, Creating & working with threads, String handling functions.

      File Handling, File Class, Streams: Stream Classes, Reading & writing to Console, Accessing Files & Directories, File Input and Output Stream, Byte Array Input & Output Stream. Character streams.

      Applets: Overview, Life cycle of an Applet, HTML tag, Parameter Passing, Applet vs Applications. Introduction, working with AWT Controls and Layout Manager, Event Handling. Introduction to Swings, JDBC.


      • Digital Computer Fundamentals: Number Systems and Information Codes- Binary, octal and Hexadecimal systems, Computer Arithmetic, BCD, EBCIDIC and ASCII codes. Boolean Algebra , Demorgans Law, Logic gates, K-maps and logic design of Flip Flops. Decoders, Registers and Counters.

      • Computer Organization and Architecture: Fixed point and Floating point Number Representations. Computer Hardware and flow of Information, CPU, , Buses and Peripheral Equipment, Memory Hierarchy, Interrupts, I/O organization, DMA

      • Programming: C Programming - Datatypes, operators, expressions, control statements, structures and union, functions, pointers, fileprocessing.

      • Data Structures and Algorithms: Stacks, Queues, Array and Linked representation, Singly and doubly linked lists, Trees, Traversal and Insertion and Deletion operations, Graphs, representation and basic operations, Sorting and searching, Analysis of Algorithms, order notation

      • Operating Systems: Basic OS functions, Process management, Process Scheduling, Memory Management, Virtual Memory, Device Management, File system Management.

      • Data Base Management Systems: Database models, data Independence, DDL and DML, E-R Diagrams, Logical and Physical structures, Relational Database Structure, Normalization, SQL, Database transaction, backup and recovery management.

      • Computer Communications: : LAN, WAN, Network Topologies, Error Detection and Correction Codes, OSI Reference model, TCP/IP protocol stack, Data Link protocols, IP addressing, Packet Switching, Circuit Switching and message switching, cryptography, FTP and TELNET.

      • System Analysis and Design: System Analysis and Design Life cycle, Requirements analysis, Feasibility Study. Tools for system Analysis, DFDs, Design Tables, Object oriented system modelling, Verification and validation.

      • Systems Software: Loaders, Linkers, Assemblers, Compilers, Macroprocessors, Major Functions and Design Principles.

      • Internet Technologies: : Introduction to Internet, www, Internet browsers Netscape & Explorer, Telnet, Search Engines. Hypertext Markup Language, HTML Tags, Frames, Creating HTML documents, DHTML


01. Soil Science +soil physics +soil mechanics

02 Agronomy +Agricultural Extension + Agricultural Economics

  1. Heat and mass transfer +Refrigeration and Air conditioning

  2. Unit operations in Agricultural process Engineering

  3. Process Engineering for Agricultural produce starting from crop threshing and upto storage of crops

  4. Process Engineering for horticulture produce + dairy Engineering

  5. Strength of materials and theory of structures

  6. Electrical Engineering and farm electrification

  7. Alternate energy sources

  8. Thermodynamics-heat engines and farm power

  9. Farm machinery and equipment

  10. Instrumentation-design of Agricultural machines-Industrial Engineering

  11. Land development machinery

  12. Surveying and levelling

  13. Open channels-wells and pumps

  14. Irrigation + drainage + sprinkler and drip systems

  15. Soil and water conservation + soil conservation structures.


      PROCESS CALCULATIONS AND THERMODYNAMICS: Laws of conservation of mass and energy; use of tie components; recycle, bypass and purge calculations; degrees of freedom.

      First & Second law of thermodynamics and their applications; equations of state and thermodynamic properties of real systems; phase equilibria; fugacity; excess properties and correlations of activity coefficients; chemical reaction equilibria.

      FLUID MECHANICS AND MECHANICAL OPERATIONS: Fluid statics, Newtonian and non- Newtonian fluids, macroscopic energy balance, Bernoulli equation, dimensional analysis, continuity equation, flow through pipeline systems, flow meters, pumps and compressors, packed and fluidized beds, elementary boundary layer theory.

      Size reduction, and size separation, free and hindered settling, centrifuges, and cyclones, thickening and classification, filtration, mixing and agitation, storage and handling of solids.

      HEAT TRANSFER: Conduction, convection and radiation, heat transfer coefficients, study and unsteady heat conduction, boiling, condensation and evaporation, types of heat exchangers & evaporators and their design principles.

      MASS TRANSFER: Flick’s law, mass transfer coefficients, film, penetration and surface renewal theories; momentum, heat and mass trans analogies; stage wise continuous contacting and stage efficiencies; design principles and operation of equipment for distillation absorption, leaching, liquid-liquid extraction, crystallization, drying, humidification, dehumidification and absorption.

      CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING: Theories of reaction rates; kinetics of homogeneous reactions, interpretation of kinetic data, single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors; non- isothermal reactors; basics of non-ideal flow, F& E curves, axial dispersion; kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions; diffusion effects in catalysis.

      INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL: Measurement of process variables; dynamics of simple systems such as CSTRs, heat exchanges, transfer functions, response of systems, process reaction curve, controller modes (P, PI, and PID); control valves; analysis of closed loop systems including stability, frequency response (including Bode plots) and controller tuning.

      PLANT DESIGN AND ECONOMICS: Design of chemical process plants; principles of process economics and cost estimation.

      CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY: Inorganic chemical reactions; sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide, fertilizers; ammonia, urea, di-ammonium phosphate super phosphate; natural product industries; pulp and paper, sugar, oil and fats; petroleum refining and petrochemicals; polymerization industries; poly ethylene, poly propylene, and synthetic fibres.



  1. Engineering Mechanics: Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors, Concept of Force, Concept of particle and rigid body. Concurrent, non-concurrent and parallel forces in a plane, moment of force and Varignon’s theorem, free body diagram, conditions of equilibrium, Principle of virtual work, equivalent force system.

    First and Second Moments of area, Mass moment of Inertia. Static Friction Inclined plane and bearings.

    Kinematics and Kinetics: Kinematics in Cartesian and polar co-ordinates, motion under uniform and non-uniform acceleration, motion under gravity. Kinetics of particle: Momentum and Energy principles, D Alembert’s Principle, Collision of elastic bodies, rotation of rigid bodies, simple harmonic motion.

  2. Strength of Materials: Simple Stress and Strain, Elastic constants, axially loaded compression members, Shear force and bending moment, theory of simple bending moment, Shear Stress distribution across cross sections, Beams of uniform strength, Leaf spring, Strain Energy in direct stress, bending and shear.

    Deflection of beams: Macaulay’s method, Mohr’s moment area method, Conjugate beam method, unit load method. Torsion of Shafts, Transmission of power, close coiled helical sprints, Elastic stability of columns: Euler’s, Rankine’s and Secant formulae. Principal Stresses and Strains in two dimension, Mohr’s Circle. Theories of Elastic failure, Thin and Thick cylinders: Stresses due to internal and external pressures-Lame’s equation.

  3. Structural Analysis: Analysis of pin jointed plane trusses, deflection in trusses. Three hinged and two hinged arches, rib shortening, temperature effects, influence lines in arches. Analysis of propped cantilevers, fixed beams, continuous beams and rigid frames. Slope deflection, moment distribution, Kani’s method and Matrix method: Force and Displacement methods. Rolling loads and influence lines for determinate beams and pin jointed trusses.


Geotechnical Engineering: Types of soil, field identification and classification, phase relationships, consistency limits, particle size distribution, classification of soil, structure and clay mineralogy.

Capillary water and structural water, effective stress and pore water pressure, Darcy’s Law, factors affecting permeability, determination of permeability, permeability of stratified soil deposits.

Seepage pressure, quick sand condition, compressibility and consolidation, Terzaghi’s theory of one dimensional consolidation, consolidation test. Compaction of soil, optimum moisture content, Proctor Density.

Subsurface exploration, methods of boring, sampling, types of sampler, field tests.

Shear strength of soils, Mohr-Coulomb failure theory, shear tests Earth pressure at rest, active and passive pressures, Rankine’s theory, Coulomb’s wedge theory, earth pressure on retaining wall.

Bearing capacity, Terzaghi and other important theories, net and gross bearing pressure, immediate and consolidation settlement.

Load carrying capacity of pile groups.

Stability of slope-conventional method of slices, stability numbers.

Transportation Engineering: Highway alignment, choice of layout and capacity of highways, location survey, geometric design of highways-various elements, curves, grade separation and

egregation of traffic, inter-section design, highway materials and testing subgrade and pavement components, type of pavements, road drainage, elements of airport engineering.

Railway engineering-elements of permanent track-rails, sleepers, ballast and rail fastenings, tractive resistance, elements of geometric design-gradients and grade compensation on curves, cant transition curves and vertical curves, stresses in railway tracks, points and crossing, signaling and inter-locking, maintenance of railway track. Culverts and small bridges.


Fluid Mechanics: fluid properties, fluid statics, forces on plane and curved surfaces, stability of loating and submerged bodies.

Kinematics: Velocity, streamlines, continuity equation, accelerations irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potential and stream functions, flownet, separation.

Dynamics: Euler’s equation along streamline, control volume equation, continuity, momentum, energy and moment of momentum equation from control volume equation, applications to pipe flow, moving vanes, moment of momentum, Dimensional analysis.

Boundary layer on a flat plate, drag and lift on bodies. Laminar and Turbulent Flows. Laminar and turbulent flow through pipes, friction factor variation, pipe networks, water hammer and surge tanks.

Open Channel Flow: Energy and momentum correction factors, uniform and non-uniform flows, specific energy and specific force, critical depth, Friction factors and roughness co- efficients, flow in transitions, free overfall, weirs, hydraulic jump, surges, gradually varied flow equations, surface profiles, moving hydraulic jump.


Environmental Engineering:

Water Supply: Estimation of surface and subsurface water resources, predicting demand for water, impurities of water and their significance, physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis, water borne diseases, standards for potable water.

Intake of water: Pumping and gravity schemes, water treatment; principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation; slow-, rapid-, pressure-, filters; chlorination, softening, removal of taste, odour and salinity.

Water storage and distribution: storage and balancing reservoir types, location and capacity. Distribution systems: layout, hydraulics of pipe lines, pipe fittings, valves including check and pressure reducing valves, meters, analysis of distribution systems, leak detection, maintenance of distribution systems, pumping stations and their operations.

Sewerage systems: Domestic and industrial wastes, storm sewage-separate and combined systems, flow through sewers, design of sewers, sewer appurtenances, manholes, inlets, junctions, siphon. Plumbing in Public buildings.

Sewerage characterization: BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC. Standards of disposal in normal water course and on land.

Sewage treatment: Working principles, units, chambers, sedimentation tank, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge process, septic tank, disposal of sludge, recycling of waste water.

Construction Management: Elements and principles of Activity on Arrow (AOA) and Activity on Node (AON) networks and work breakdown structure. Interfaces. Ladder networks. Activity time. Time computations and works. ATC and PTC trade-off. Work study and sampling. Scheduling principles-material schedules. ABC and EOQ analysis of inventory. Budgeting with bar-charts. Working capital. PERT, probability of completion.

Elements of Engineering Economics, methods of appraisal, present worth, annual cost, benefit- cost, incremental analysis. Economy of scale and size. Choosing between alternatives including levels of investments. Project profitability.


  1. Logic families, gates, flip-flops, Multiplexers, decoders, registers, counters, adder circuits, Boolean algebra, Combinational circuit design, minimisation, sequential circuit design, number systems, inter conversion, number representation, computer organisation, instruction formats, addressing modes, micro-programming, ALU organisation, multiplication and division algorithms, memory hierarchy, cache and associate memories, virtual memory, memory IC’s, I/Oo organisation schemes, interrupts, arbitration, DMA, IOP, micro processors, interfacing, pipeline, SIMD and MIMD organisations, proposition and predicate logic’s, methods of deduction, set theory, relations, functions, algebraic structures, lattices, recursion, combinatorics, graph theory, representation, path matrix, warshall’s algorithm, cyclic and bipartite graphs, planner graphs, Hamiltonian graph, chromatic number, trees, binary tree traversals, representation of expressions, spanning trees, breadth-first and depth-first algorithms, finite automation, pushdown automation, Turing machine, grammars, type 0, 1, 2, and 3, LL and LR grammars.

  2. Algorithms, flow-charts, programming methodology, data structures, PASCAL, FORTRAN, COBAL and ‘C’ languages, theory of programming languages, file organisation, searching and sorting; methods, DBMS, database models, query languages, operating system, directory concept, processor scheduling, memory allocation, paging and segmentation, device management, deadlocks and prevention, concurrent processing. DOS and UNIX features, language processors, syntax and semantic analysis, code generation, optimisation, assemblers, loaders and linkers, algorithm design techniques, Computer networks, digital modulation techniques, modems, error detection and error correction, BISYNC and HDLC protocols, OSI model, network routing algorithms, LAN operation methods, Computer graphics, DDA algorithms, graphic primities, 2-D transformations, graphic input devices, software engineering development life-cycle, system analysis, modular design, testing and validation, CASE tools, AI techniques, natural language understanding, learning, knowledge representation, expert systems, LISP, PROLOG.



      Basic electrical laws, Analysis of DC networks, transient response of RLC networks excited by impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal excitations. Transform methods, transfer functions, poles and zeros steady state AC networks, frequency domain analysis, resonance, coupled circuits, two port networks, three phase networks, power in a.c. networks, power measurement in 3-phase networks.

    2. E.M. THEORY:

      Electro static and electro magnetic fields, vector methods, Fields in dielectric, conducting and magnetic materials, Laplace and Poisson’s equation. Time varying fields, Maxwell’s equation, Poynting Theory, properties of transmission lines.


      Electrical standards, Error analysis, Measurement of current, voltage, power, energy, power factor, resistance, inductance capacitance frequency and loss angle. Indicating instruments, extension of range of instruments, DC and AC bridges. Electronic measuring instruments. Electronic multimeter, CRO, frequency counter, digital voltmeter, transducers, Thermocouples, Thermistor, LVDT, strain gauges, Piezo electric crystal, Measurement of non- electrical quantities like, pressure, velocity, temperature, flow rate, displacement acceleration and strain.


      Open and closed loop control systems, Mathematical modelling, block diagram, signal flow graphs, time response and frequency response of linerar systems, error constants and series Rootlocus technique, Bodeplot, polar plot, M-circles, N-circles, Nichol’s charts, stability, Routh Hurwitz criteria. Nyquist stability criteria, compensators, design in frequency domain. Control system components. Servo motors, synchros, tacho generator, error detector. State variable approach, modelling, state transition matrix, transfer function, response.


      Solid state devices and circuits. Small and large signal-amplifiers with and without feedback at audio and radio frequency, multistage amplifiers. Operational amplifiers and applications. Integrated circuits oscillators, RC, LC and crystal oscillators wave form generators, multi-vibrators – Digital circuits, Logic gates, Boolean algebra combinational and sequential circuits. A to D and D to A converters Micro processors (8085) instruction set, memories, interfacing programmable peripheral devices – Number system flow charts – expressions and statements in C – language – simple programs for engineering application.


      Fundamentals of electro mechanical energy conversion, constructional features of D.C. Machines, emf equation types and characteristics of generators application, Torque in DC motor, types of DC motors, applications. Testing of D.C. motors, efficiency, and starting and speed control.


      Construction – Principle of operation of 1-phase transformers – Vector diagram on No Load and – Load – Parallel operation – Regulation – efficiency – Equivalent circuit 3 phase transformer connections – Scott connection.


      Production of rotating magnetic field, production of torque types of motors equivalent circuits, Circle diagram, torque slip characteristics, starting and maximum torque, speed control, principle of single phase induction motors, Applications.


      Generation of emf in 3 phase AC Generator, Armature reaction, regulation by Synchronous inpedance and Ampere turn methods, parallel operation, transient and sub- transiat reactances, theory of salient pole machines.

      Synchronous Motor: Torque production, performance characteristics, methods of starting, V-Curves, synchronous condenser.

      Special Machines: Stepper motor, Methods of operation, Amplidyne and metadyne- applications.


      General layout – Types of power stations, economics of different types, base load and peak load stations, load factor and its effects, pumped storage schemes.


      Calculation of line parameters, concepts of short, medium and long transmission lines, ABCD parameters, insulators, Corona, P.U. quantities, fault calculations, symmetrical components load flow analysis using Gauss Seidal, New-ton Raphson, methods, economic operation, stability, steady state and transient stability, equal area criterion, ALFC and AVR control for real time operation of interconnected systems.


      Principles of arc quenching, circuit breaker classification, Recovery and restriking voltages, relaying principles over current, directional over current relays-generator and transformer protection using differential relays-line protection using distance relays Surgeo phenomena in transmission lines – Travelling wave theory, protection against surges.


      Industrial Drives – Motors for various drives – Braking methods – Speed control of motors – Economics of rail traction – Mechanics of train movement – Estimation of power and energy requirements – Illumination – Laws Factory lighting – Street lighting – Induction and dielectric heating.


      1. Electronic Devices and Circuits

        Semiconductor Diodes-Varactor Diode-Zener Diode- Transistors –BJT, FET, UJT-Power supplies-Rectifiers and filters, regulators, Transistor amplifiers-CE, CB, CC configurations-RC coupled amplifiers-Differential amplifiers –feedback amplifiers-operational amplifier-applications, Oscillators-RC,LC and crystal oscillators-Astable, bistable and monostable multivibrators-555 timer, Schmitt trigger-sweep circuits-Miller and boot strap circuits.

      2. Networks and circuit theory

        Mesh current and node voltage analysis, Network theorems-thevenin’s, Norton’s, maximum Power transfer, super position, Reciprocity Theorems-series and parallel resonance- Q factor-Linear wave shaping circuits-transmission lines-losses and impedance matching.

      3. Electronic measurements

        Analog and Digital measuring instruments:- Ammeter, voltmeter, ohmmeter, frequency meter, power meter, Q-meter, CRO-CRT-time base generator-deflection sensitivity-CRO applications-Digital IC tester, logic and spectrum analyzer.

      4. Industrial and Power electronics

        Thyristor family-SCR, TRAIC, Power BJT-IGBT-convertors- Half wave, full wave controlled choppers-Invertors – cyclo converters-PWM inverter-speed control of AC/DC motors- opto electronic Devices –Transducers-LVDT-strain gauge-thermistors, thermo couple – ultrasonic

      5. Communications

        Analog communications-AM, FM, PM modulations-Power requirements – Transmitters – Receivers – Ground wave propagation- Sky and Space propagation. Digital communications – Pulse modulations – PCM, Delta modulation – ASK, PSK, FSK and QAM- generation and detection- multiplexing-TDM, FDM, WDM, multiple access-TDMA, CDMA, WDMA., Antennas, wave guides, satellite communications, optical communications.

      6. Digital Electronics & computer networks

        Number systems – logic gates-Boolean algebra, adders and sub tractors – flip flops- registers and counters-memories-A/D and D/A converters – peripherals, 8085 microprocessor – 8051 micro controllers transmission media in computer networks – network topologies – packet, message switching-OSI architecture and functions-wireless LAN, Blue tooth-ISDN, frame relay. ATM networks – HTTP, DNS, POP, SMTP, FTP protocols.

        1. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STATICS: Simple applications of equilibrium equations.

          DYNAMICS: Simple applications of equations of motion, work, energy and power. THEORY OF MACHINES: Simple examples of kinematic chains and their inversions. Different types of gears, bearings, governors, flywheels and their functions.

          Static and dynamic balancing of rigid rotors. Simple vibration analysis of bars and shafts. Linear automatic control systems.

          MECHANICS OF SOLIDS: Stress, strain and Hookes Law. Shear and bending moments in beams. Simple bending and torsion of beams, springs and thin walled cylinders. Elementary concepts of elastic stability, mechanical properties and material testing.

          MANUFACTURING SCIENCE: Mechanics of metal cutting, tool life, economics of machining, cutting tool materials. Basic types of machine tool and their processes. Automatic machine tools, transfer lines. Metal forming processes and machines-shearing, drawing, spinning, rolling, forging, extrusion. Types of casting and welding methods. Power metallurgy and processing of plastics.

          MANUFACTURING MANAGEMENT: Methods and time study, motion economy and work space design, operation and flow process charts. Cost estimation, break-even analysis. Location and layout of plants, material handling. Capital budgeting, job shop and mass production, scheduling, dispatching, Routing, Inventory.

          THERMODYNAMICS: Basic concepts, definitions and laws heat, work and temperature, Zeroth law, temperature scales, behaviour of pure substances, equations of state, first law and its corollaries, second law and its corollaries. Analysis of air standard power cycles, carnot, otto, diesel, brayton cycles. Vapour power cycles, Rankine reheat and regenerative cycles, Refrigeration cycles-Bell Coleman, Vapour absorption and Vapour compression cycle analysis, open and closed cycle gas turbine with inter-cooling, reheating.

          ENERGY CONVERSION: Flow of steam through nozzles, critical pressure ratio, shock formation and its effect. Steam generators, mountings and accessories. Impulse and reaction turbines elements and layout of thermal power plants.

          Hydraulic turbines and pumps, specific speed, layout of hydraulic power plants. Introduction to nuclear reactors and power plants, handling of nuclear waste.

          REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING: Refrigeration equipment and operation and maintenance, refrigerants, principles of air conditioning, psychrometric chart, comfort zones, humidification and dehumidification.

          FLUID MECHANICS: Hydrostatics, continuity equation, Bernoulli’s theorem, flow through pipes, discharge measurement, laminar and turbulent flow, boundary layer concept.

        2. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Unit 1: The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies Definition, scope and importance

          Need for public awareness.

          Unit 2: Natural Resources:

          Renewable and non-renewable resources:

          Natural resources and associated problems.

          1. Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.

          2. Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems.

          3. Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies.

          4. Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies.

          5. Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. Case studies.

          6. Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification.

            Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

            Unit 3: Ecosystems

            • Concept of an ecosystem.

            • Structure and function of an ecosystem.

            • Producers, consumers and decomposers.

            • Energy flow in the ecosystem.

            • Ecological succession.

            • Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.

            • Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem:-

              1. Forest ecosystem

              2. Grassland ecosystem

              3. Desert ecosystem

              4. Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

          Unit 4: Biodiversity and its conservation

            • Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.

            • Biogeographical classification of India

            • Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values

            • Biodiversity at global, National and local levels.

            • India as a mega-diversity nation

            • Hot-spots of biodiversity.

            • Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts.

            • Endangered and endemic species of India

            • Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity

          Unit 5: Environmental Pollution


          Causes, effects and control measures of :-

          1. Air pollution

          2. Water pollution

          3. Soil pollution

          4. Marine pollution

          5. Noise pollution

          6. Thermal pollution

          7. Nuclear hazards

            • Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes.

            • Role of an individual in prevention of pollution

            • Pollution case studies

            • Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.

              Unit 6: Social Issues and the Environment

            • From Unsustainable to Sustainable development

            • Urban problems related to energy

            • Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management

            • Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case studies.

            • Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions.

            • Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust. Case studies.

            • Wasteland reclamation

            • Consumerism and waste products.

            • Environment Protection Act.

            • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.

            • Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act

            • Wildlife Protection Act

            • Forest Conservation Act

            • Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation

            • Public awareness.

              Unit 7: Human Population and the Environment

            • Population growth, variation among nations.

            • Population explosion- Family Welfare Programme

            • Environment and human health.

            • Human Rights.

            • Value Education.

            • HIV / AIDS.

            • Women and Child Welfare.

            • Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health.

            • Case Studies.

              Unit 8: Field work

            • Visit to a local area to document environmental assets-river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain

        3. FORESTRY


    General Silvicultural Principles; ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation, natural and artificial regeneration of forests, methods of propagation, grafting techniques; site factors; nursery and planting techniques – nursery beds, polybags and maintenance, water budgeting, grading and hardening of seedlings, special approaches, establishment and tending.


    Habitat and characteristics, mangrove, plantation-establishment and rehabilitation of degraded mangrove formations; protection of habitats against natural disasters.


    Traditional and recent advances in tropical silvicultural research and practices. Silvi- culture of some of the economically important species in India such as Acacia Sundra, Acacia nilotica Acacia auriculiformis, Albizzia lebbeck, Albizzia procera, Anthocephalus Cadamba, Anogeissus latifolia, Azadirachta indica, Bamboo spp, Butea monosperma, Cassia siamea, Casuarina equisetifolia, Dalbergia sisoo, Dipterocarpus spp., Emblica officinalls, Eucalyptus spp, Gmelina arborea, Hardwickia binata, Lagerstoremia lanceolata, Pterocarpus marsupium, Prosepis juliflora, Santalum album, Semi-carpus anacardium, Salmalia malabaricum, Tectona grandis, Terminalia tomentosa, Tamarindus indica.


    Agroforestry: scope and necessity; role in the life of people and domestic animals and in integrated land use, planning especially related to


    Forest soils, classification, factors affecting soil formation; physical, chemical and biological properties.

    Soil conservation – definition, causes for erosion, types – wind and water erosion; conservation and management of eroded soils/areas, wind breaks, shelter belts; sand dunes; reclamation of saline and alkaline soils, water logged and other waste lands. Role of forests in conserving soils. Maintenance and build up of soil organic matter, provision of loppings for green leaf manuring; forest leaf litter and composing; Role of microorganisms in ameliorating soils; N and C cycles, VAM.


    Concepts of watershed; role of mini-forests and forest trees in overall resource management, forest hydrology, watershed development in respect of torrent control, river channel stabilization, rehabilitation of degraded areas; hilly and mountain areas; watershed management and environmental functions of forests; water-harvesting and conservation; ground water recharge and watershed management; role of integrating forest trees, horticultural crops, field crops, grass and fodders.


    Environment: Components and importance, principles of conservation, impact of deforestation; forest fires and various human activities like mining, construction and developmental projects, population growth on environment.

  8. POLLUTION - Types, global warming, green house effects, ozone layer depletion, acid rain, impact and control measures, environmental monitoring; concept of sustainable development. Role of trees and forests in environmental conservation; control and prevention of air, water and noise pollution.


    Objective and principles; techniques; stand structure and dynamics, sustained yield relation; rotation, normal forest, growing stock; regulation of yield; management of forest plantation, commercial forests, forest plantations, forest cover monitoring. Approaches viz., i) site-specific planning, ii) strategic planning, iii) Approval, sanction and expenditure, iv) Monitoring, v) Reporting and governance. Details of steps involved such as formation of Village Forest Committees, Joint Forest Participatory Management.


    Forest planning, evaluation and monitoring tools and approaches for integrated planning; multipurpose development of forest resources and forest industries development; working plans. Annual Plant of Operations.


    Methods of measuring – diameter, girth, height and volume of trees; form-factor; volume estimation of stand, current annual increment; mean annual increment. Sampling methods and sample plots. Yield calculation, yield and stand tables, forest cover monitoring through remote sensing; Geographic information Systems for management and modeling.


    Forest ecology – Biotic and aboitic components, forest eco-systems; forest community concepts; vegetation concepts, ecological succession and climax, primary productivity, nutrient cycling and water relations; physiology in stress environments (drought, water logging salinity and alkalinity: Forest types in India, identification of species, composition and associations; dendrology, taxonomic classification, principles and establishment of herbaria. Clonal parks. Role of Ethnobotany in Indian Systems of Medicine; Ayurveda and Unani – Introduction, nomenclature, habitat, distribution and botanical features of medicinal and aromatic plants.


    Environmentally sound forest harvesting practices, logging and extraction techniques and principles, transportation systems, storage and sale; Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) definition and scope; gums, resins, oleoresins, fibres, oil seeds nuts, rubber, canes, bamboos, medicinal plants, charcoal lac and shellac. Katha and Bidi leaves, collection, processing and disposal.

    Need and importance of wood seasoning and preservation; general principles and seasoning, air and kiln seasoning, solar dehumidification, steam heated and electrical kilns. Composite wood; adhesives-manufacture, properties, uses plywood manufacture-properties, uses fibre boards-manufacture properties uses; particle-boards manufacture; properties uses. Present status of composite wood industry in India in future expansion plans. Pulp-paper and rayon; present position of supply of raw material to industry, wood substitution, utilization of plantation wood; problems and possibilities.


    Injuries to forest – abiotic and biotic destructive agencies, insect – pests and disease, effects of air pollution on forests and forest die back. Susceptibility of forests to damage, nature of damage, cause, prevention, protective measures and benefits due to chemical and biological control. General forest protection against fire, equipment and methods, controlled use of fire, economic and environmental costs; timber salvage operations after natural disasters. Role of afforestation and forest regeneration in absorption of CO2. Rotational and controlled grazing, different methods of control against grazing and browsing animals; effect of wild animals on forest regeneration, human impacts; encroachment, poaching, grazing live fencing, theft, shifting cultivation and control.


    Forest economics – fundamental principles, cost-benefit analysis; estimation of demand and supply; role of private sector and cooperatives; role of corporate financing.

  16. Legislation-History of forest development Indian Forest Policy of 1894, 1952 and 1990. National Forest Policy 1988 of People’s involvement, Joint Forest Management, involvement of women, Forestry Policies and issues related to land use, timber and non-timber products, sustainable forest management; industrialisation policies.


    Part - I



    1. Importance of horticulture in terms of economy, production, employment generation, environmental protection and human resource development. Nutritional value of horticultural crops. Divisions of horticulture and their importance.

    2. Temperature, light, humidity, rainfall and soil requirements for horticultural crops. Selection of site for establishing an orchard, orchard plan, systems of planting. Establishment of an orchard. Objectives of orchard management culture, different methods of orchard culture. Pruning and training – objectives, methods and effects.

    3. Nutrition of horticultural crops – assessment of nutritional requirements, Identification of deficiency symptoms, methods of nutrient application. Assessment of irrigation requirements for different horticultural crops, irrigation methods.

    4. Flower bud initiation and formation. Factors affecting them, environmental influences, chemical, nutritional management practices. Pollination and fruit set, problems and requirements, flower and fruit drop, stages, causes, remedial measures. Unfruitfulness, reasons and remedial measures. Harvesting, maturity indices for horticultural crops. Ripening, chemical, physical changes during ripening, and methods of ripening. Use of growth regulators in Horticulture – propagation sex expression, fruit set, fruit drop and extension of shelf life.


    1. Principles and classification of plant propagation methods. Plant propagation structures, containers and media.

    2. Sexual propagation and its importance. Factors affecting germination and pregermination treatments.

    3. Sexual propagation and it’s importance. Propagation of plants by cuttage, factors affecting regeneration of plants from cuttings. Types of cuttings, propagation by layerage. Factors affecting regeneration of plants by layerage. Methods of layerage.

    4. Propagation by grafting, importance of graftage. Factors for successful grafting., Selection of rootstock and scion. Methods of budding and grafting Rootstocks for commercial fruit plants. Stock scion relations and role of Rootstocks in fruit production.


    Area, production, importance in national economy, nutritive values, origin and distribution botany, classification and identification of species and varieties, root stocks, role in high density planting climate, soils, planting methods training and pruning, nutrition, irrigation scheduling, intercrops, and management of practices of

    1. fruit crops mango, banana, citrus, grape, pineapple, guava, papaya, sapota.

    2. Plantation Crops: Coconut, cashew nut, oil palm, coffee, tea, cacao, areca nut and rubber.

    1. Origin, importance, export potential, varieties, climate, soil requirements, propagation and planting and after care, manuring, irrigation, training, pruning, harvesting and post harvest handling, curing and processing practices, storage methods, yield and distillation of essential oils of the following crops.

      1. Medicinal plants: Dioscorea, Opium poppy, Rauwolfia, Solanum Khasianum, Catharanthus roseus, Pyrethrum, Isabgol Digitalis, Belladona, Senna and Trichonas nuxvomica.

      2. Aromatic crops: Citronella, lemon grass, palmarosa, vettiver, geranium, davana, mint, lavender, vanilla.

      3. Spices and Condiments: Cardamom, pepper, cinnamon, Clove and nutmeg.

    2. a) Importance and scope, production of horticultural crops in greenhouse. Status and development of greenhouse production of horticultural crops. Points to be considered before establishing a greenhouse. Greenhouse and related structures location, types, size and arrangement, types of greenhouse framework, types of greenhouse covering materials, ventilation and air circulation, greenhouse benches etc.,

    1. Control of environmental factors influencing the growth i.e., light, temperature (greenhouse heating and cooling) moisture, and relative humidity. Role of growth regulators on the growth and development of greenhouse crops.

    2. Preparation of growing media requirement and its management at different stages of crop growth. Management of nutrients through fertigation at various stages of crop growth in different crops.



1. Mechanics and Waves: Dimensional analysis. Newton’s laws of motion and applications, variable mass systems, projectiles. Rotational dynamics-kinetic energy, angular momentum, theorems of moment of inertia and calculations in simple cases. Conservative forces, frictional forces. Gravitational potential and intensity due to spherical objects. Central forces, Kepler’s problem, escape velocity and artificial satellites (including GPS). Streamline motion, viscosity, Poiseuille’s equation. Applications of Bernoulli’s equation and Stokes’ law.

Special relativity and Lorentz transformation-length contraction, time dilation, mass-energy relation.

Simple harmonic motion, Lissajous figures. Damped oscillation, forced oscillation and resonance. Beats, Phase and group velocities. Stationary waves, vibration of strings and air columns, longitudinal waves in solids. Doppler effect. Ultrasonics and applications.

2. Geometrical and Physical Optics: Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat’s principle. Matrix method in paraxial optics- thin lens formula, nodal planes, system of two thin lenses. Chromatic and spherical aberrations. Simple optical instruments- magnifier, eyepieces, telescopes and microscopes.

Huygen’s principle-reflection and refraction of waves. Interference of light – Young’s experiment, Newton’s rings, interference by thin films, Michelson interferometer. Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit, double slit, diffraction grating, resolving power. Fresnel diffraction- half- period zones and zone plate. Production and detection of linearly, circularly and elliptically polarized light. Double refraction, quarter-waves plates and half-wave plates. Polarizing sheets. Optical activity and applications. Raman & Rayleigh scattering and applications.

Elements of fibre optics-attenuation; pulse dispersion in step index and parabolic index fibres; material dispersion. Lasers, characteristics of laser light-spatial and temporal coherence. Focusing of laser beams and applications.

  1. Heat and Thermodynamics: Thermal equilibrium and temperature. The zeroth law of thermodynamics. Heat and the first law of thermodynamics. Efficiency of Carnot engines. Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics. Kinetic theory and the equation of state of an ideal gas. Mean free path, distribution of molecular speeds and energies. Trasport phenomena. Andrew’s experiments-van der Waals equation and applications. Joule-Kelvin effect and applications. Bronian motion. Thermodynamic potentials-Maxwell relations. Phase transitions. Kirchhoff’s laws. Black-body radiation – Stefan-Boltzmann law, spectral radiancy, Wien displacement law, application to the cosmic microwave background radiation, Planck radiation law.

  2. Electricity and Magnetism: Electric charge, Coulomb’s law, electric field, Gauss’ law. Electric potential, van de Graff accelerator. Capacitors, dielectrics and polarization. Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s first and second rules, resistors in series and parallel, applications to two-loop circuits. Magnetic field-Gauss’ law for magnetism, atomic and nuclear magnetism, magnetic susceptibility, classification of magnetic materials. Cirulating charges, cyclotron, synchrotron. Hall effect. Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law of induction – Lenz’s law. Inductance. Alternating current circuits – RC, LR, single-loop LRC circuits, impedance, resonance, power in AC circuits. Displacement current, Maxwell’s equations (MKS Units), electromagnetic waves, energy transport and Poynting vector.

  3. Atomic and Nuclear Physics: Photoelectric effect, Einstein’s photon theory. Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Stern Gerlach experiment, quantisation of angular momentum, electron spin. Pauli exclusion principle and applications. Zeeman effect. X-ray spectrum, Bragg’s law, Bohr’s theory of the Mosley plot. Compton effect, Compton wavelength. Wave nature of matter, de Broglie wavelength, wave-particle duality. Heisenberg’s uncertainty relationships. Schroedinger’s equation-eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of (i) particle in a box,

    1. simple harmonic oscillator and (iii) hydrogen atom. Potential step and barrier penetration. Natural and artificial radioactivity. Binding energy of nuclei, nuclear fission and fusion. Classification of elementary particles and their interactions.

  4. Electronics.: Diodes in half-waves and full-wave rectification, qualitative ideas of semiconductors p type and n type semiconductors, junction diode, Zener diode, transistors, binary numbers, Logic gates and truth tables, Elements of microprocessors and computers.


      Probability: Random experiment, sample space, event, algebra of events, probability on a discrete sample space, basic theorems of probability and simple examples based theorem, conditional, probability of an event, independent events, Bayer’s theorem and its application, discrete and continuous random variables and their distributions, expectation, moments, moment generating function, joint distribution of two or more random variables, marginal and conditional distributions, independence of random variables, covariance, correlation, coefficient, distribution of a function of random variables. Bernouli, binomial, geometric, negative binomial, hypergeometric, poisson, multinomial, uniform, beta, exponential, gamma, cauchy, normal, longnormal and bivariate normal distributions, real-life situations where these distributions provide appropriate models, Chebyshev’s inequality, weak law or large numbers and central limit theorem for independent and identically distributed random variables with finite variance and their simple applications.

      Statistical Methods: Concept of a statistical population and a sample, types of data, presentation and summarization of data, measures of central tendency, dispersion, skewness and kurtosis, measures of association and contingency, correlation, rank correlation, intraclass correlation, correlation ratio, simple and multiple linear regression, multiple and partial correlations (involving three variables only), curve-fitting and principle of least squares, concepts of random sample, parameter and statistic, Z, X2, t and F statistics and their properties and applications, distributions of sample range and median (for continuous distributions only), censored sampling (concept and illustrations).

      Statistical Inference: Unbiasedness, consistency, efficiency, sufficiency, completeness, minimum variance unbiased estimation, Rao-Blackwell theorem, Lehmann-Scheffe theorem, Cramer-Rao inequality and minimum variance bound estimator, moments maximum likelihood, least squares and minimum chisquare methods of estimation, properties of maximum likelihood and other estimators, idea of a random interval, confidence intervals for the parameters of standard distributions, shortest confidence intervals, large-sample confidence intervals. Simple and composite hypotheses, two kinds of errors, level of significance, size and power of a test, desirable properties of a good test, most powerful test, Neyman-Pearson lemma and its use in simple example, uniformly most powerful test, likelihood ratio test and its properties and applications.

      Chi-square test, sign test, Wald-Wolfowitz runs test, run test for randomness, median test, Wilcoxon test and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test.

      Wal’s sequential probability ratio test, OC and ASN functions, application to binomial and normal distributions. Loss function, risk function, mini-max and Bayes rules.

      Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments: Complete enumeration vs. sampling, need for sampling, basic concepts in sampling, designing large-scale sample surveys, sampling and non- sampling errors, simple random sampling, properties of a good estimator, estimation of sample size, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling cluster sampling, ratio and regression methods of estimation under simple and stratified random sampling, double sampling for ratio and regression methods of estimation, two-stage sampling with equal-size first-stage units.

      Analysis of variance with equal number of observations per cell in one, two and three-way classifications, analysis of covariance in one and two-way classifications, completely randomized design, randomized block design, latin square design, missing plot technique, 2n factorial design, total and partial confounding, 32 factorial experiments, split-plot design and balanced incomplete block design.



  1. General: Role of Livestock in Indian Economy and human health. Mixed farming. Agroclimatic zones and livestock distribution. Socioeconomic aspects of livestock enterprise with special reference to women.

  2. Genetics and Breeding: Principle of genetics, chemical nature of DNA and RNA and their models and functions. Recombinant DNA technology, transgenic animals, multiple ovulation and embryo-transfer. Cytogenetics, immunogenetics and biochemical polymorphic and their application in animal improvement. Gene actions. Systems and strategies for improvement. Geneaction. Systems and strategies for improvement of livestock for milk, meat, wool production and drought and poultry for eggs and meat. Breeding of animals for disease resistance. Breeds of livestock, poultry and rabbits.

  3. Nutrition: Role of nutrition in animal health and production. Classification of feeds, Proximate composition of feeds, feeding standards, computation of rations. Ruminant nutrition. Concepts of total digestible nutrients and starch equivalent systems. Significance of energy determinations. Conservation of feeds and fodder and utilization of agro by-products. Feed supplements and additives. Nutrition deficiencies and their management.

  4. Management: Systems of housing and management of livestock poultry and rabbits. Farm record. Economics of livestock, poultry and rabbit farming. Clean milk production. Veterinary hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation. Sources of water and standards of potable water. Purification of water. Air changes and thermal comfort. Drainage systems and effluent disposal Biogas.

  5. Animal Production: (a) Artificial insemination, fertility and sterility. Reproductive physiology, semen characteristics and preservation. Sterility its causes and remedies. (b) Meat eggs and wool production. Methods of slaughter of meat animals, meat inspection, judgment, carcass characteristics, adulteration and its detection processing and preservation; Meat products, quality control and nutritive value, By-products. Physiology of egg production, nutritive value, grading of eggs preservation and marketing.

    Types of wool, grading and marketing.

  6. Veterinary Science: (i) Major contagious diseases affecting cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep and goats, pigs, poultry, rabbits and pet animals-Etiology, symptoms, pathogenicity, diagnosis, treatment and control of major bacterial, viral, rickettsial and parasitic infections. (ii) Description, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the following:

  7. Principles of immunization and vaccination: Different types of immunity, antigens and antibodies. Methods of immunization. Break-down of immunity, Vaccines and their use in animals.

    Zoonoses, Foodborne infections and intoxications, occupation hazards.

  8. (a) Poisons used for killing animals euthanasia.


    1. Drugs used for increasing production/performance efficiency and their adverse

    2. Drugs used to tranquilize wild animals as well as animals in captivity.

    3. Quarantine measures in India and abroad. Act, Rules and Regulations.

  9. Dairy Science: Physicochemical and nutritional properties of milk.

Quality assessment of milk and milk products, Common tests and legal standards. Cleaning and sanitation of dairy equipment. Milk collections, chilling, transportation processing, packaging, storage and distribution. Manufacture of market milk, cream butter, cheese, ice- cream, condensed and dried milk, by products and Indian Milk products.

Unit operations in dairy plant.

Role of micro organisam in quality of milk and products physiology of milk secretion.


  1. Cell structure and function:

2 Systematics:

  1. Vertebrate Physiology and Biochemistry:

  2. Embryology:

  3. Evolution:

  4. Ecology, Wildlife and Ethology:

  5. Economic Zoology:



    1. Candidates are directed to follow the Commission’s Website ( regularly to Know the latest developments regarding the Recruitment, dates of Examination, calling of candidates for verification of Certificates/ Interviews/ Results etc.

    2. The candidates must note that his/her admission to the examination is strictly provisional. The mere fact that an Admission to the examination does not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission or that the entries made by the candidate in his/her application have been accepted by the Commission as true and correct. The candidates have to be found suitable after verification of original certificates; and other eligibility criteria. The Applicants have to upload his/her scanned recent colour passport photo and signature to the Application Form. Failure to produce the same photograph, if required, at the time of interview/ verification, may lead to disqualification. Hence the candidates are advised not to change their appearance till the recruitment process is complete.

    3. The candidates are not allowed to bring any Electronic devices such as mobile / cellphones, Calculators, tablets, iPad, Bluetooth, pagers, watches to examination centre. Loaning and interchanging of articles among the candidates is not permitted in the examination hall and any form of malpractice will not be permitted in the exam hall.

    4. The candidates are expected to behave in orderly and disciplined manner while writing the examination. If any candidate takes away Answer Sheet of OMR based examination, the candidature will be rejected and in case of impersonation/ disorder/ rowdy behaviour during Examination, necessary F.I.R. for this incident will be lodged with concerned Police Station, apart from disqualifying his / her candidature.

    5. Candidates trying to use unfair means shall be disqualified from the selection. No correspondence whatsoever will be entertained from the candidates.

    6. The Penal Provisions of Act 25/97 published in the A.P. Gazette No. 35, Part-IV.B Extraordinary dated: 21/08/1997 shall be invoked if malpractice and unfair means are noticed at any stage of the Examination.


    Candidates are directed to take note that, after last date of receipt of Applications, Edit option to the candidates will be allowed for three (3) days to make any corrections regarding their Biodata particulars/Data corrections/Omissions etc., in the Online application already submitted to the Commission. After the due date, Data corrections through Online/Paper representations/Corrections on the Nominal Rolls will not be accepted under any circumstances.


    1. The candidates have to report 30 minutes before to the examination venue to record their thumb impression on Biometric system.

    2. The candidates should go through the instructions given on the cover page of test booklet and carefully write his/her Register Number, Subject / Subject Code, Booklet Series, Name of the Examination Centre etc., in the Answer Sheet, which will be provided to him/her in the examination hall.

    3. Since the answer sheets are to be scanned (valued) with Optical Mark Scanner system, the candidates have to USE BALL POINT PEN (BLUE/BLACK) ONLY FOR MARKING THE ANSWERS. The candidates will be supplied OMR Sheet consists of two copies i.e., the Original Copy (Top Sheet) and Duplicate Copy (Bottom Sheet). The candidate is required to use Ball Point Pen (Blue or Black) for filling the relevant blocks in the OMR Sheet including bubbling the answers. After writing the examination the candidate has to handover the original OMR sheet (Top Sheet) to the invigilator in the examination hall, if any candidate takes away the original OMR Sheet (Top Sheet) his/her candidature will be rejected. However the candidate is permitted to take away the duplicate (Bottom Sheet) OMR Sheet for his/her record. The candidates should bring Ball Point Pen (Blue/Black and smooth writing pad) to fill up relevant columns on the Answer Sheet. The candidate must ensure encoding the Register Number, Subject/Subject Code, Booklet Series, Name of the Examination Centre, Signature of the Candidate and Invigilator, etc., on the O.M.R. Answer sheet correctly, failing which the Answer sheet will be rejected and will not be valued. Use of whitener on OMR Sheet will lead to disqualification.

    4. The OMR Sheet is to bubble only by Ball Point Pen (Blue/Black). Bubbling by Pencil / Ink Pen / Gel Pen is not permitted in this examination.

    5. The candidates should satisfy the Invigilator of his identity with reference to the signature and photographs available on the Nominal Rolls and Hall Ticket.

    6. No candidate should leave the examination hall till expiry of fulltime.

    7. The Commission would be analyzing the responses of a candidate with other appeared candidates to detect patterns of similarity. If it is suspected that the responses have been shared and the scores obtained are not genuine/ valid, the Commission reserves the right to cancel his/ her candidature and to invalidate the Answer Sheet.

    8. (i)Wherever Written Examination is held, only those candidates who are totally blind are allowed to write the examination with the help of scribe and 10 minutes extra time is permitted to them per hour.

        1. An extra time of 20 minutes per hour is also permitted for the candidates with locomotor disability and CEREBRAL PALSY where dominant (writing) extremity is affected for the extent slowing the performance of function (Minimum of 40% impairment). No scribe is allowed to such candidates.

        2. Scribe will be provided to those candidates who do not have both the upper limbs for Orthopedically Handicapped. However, no extra time will be granted to them.

      1. The scribe should be from an academic discipline other than that of the candidate and the academic qualification of the scribe should be one grade lower than the stipulated eligibility criteria.

      2. The candidate as well as the scribe will have to give a suitable undertaking confirming the rules applicable


    1. Candidates shall report at the venue one and half hour (90 minutes) before the Commencement of Examination as the candidates have to undergo certain procedural formalities required for online examination.

    2. Date and Time of the Examination as per Hall-Ticket

    3. The examination link with the login screen will already be available on your system. Please inform the invigilator if this is not the case.

    4. 10 minutes prior to the exam, you’ll be prompted to login. Please type the Login ID (Roll No) and the Password (Password for Candidate will be given on exam day) to proceed further.

    5. Invigilator will announce the password at 09.50 AM and 02.20 PM.

    6. Copying or noting down questions and/or options is not allowed. Severe action will be taken if any candidate is found noting down the questions and/or options.

    7. After logging in, your screen will display:

        • Profile Information - Check the details & click on “I Confirm” or “I Deny”.

        • Detailed exam instructions - Please read and understand thoroughly.

        • Please click on the “I am ready to Begin” button, after reading the instructions.

    8. You have to use the mouse to answer the multiple choice type questions with FOUR alternative answers.

    9. To answer any numerical answer type question, you need to use the virtual numeric key pad and the mouse.

    10. On the online exam question screen, the timer will display the balance time remaining for the completion of exam.

    11. The question numbers are color coordinated and of different shapes based on the process of recording your response:

        • White (Square) - For un-attempted questions.

        • Red (Inverted Pentagon) - For unanswered questions.

        • Green (Pentagon) - For attempted questions.

        • Violet (Circle) - Question marked by candidate for review, to be answered later.

        • Violet (Circle with a Tick mark) - Question answered and marked by candidate for review.

    12. After answering a question, click the SAVE & NEXT button to save your response and move onto the next question.

    13. Click on Mark for Review & NEXT to mark your question for review, and then go to the next question.

    14. To clear any answer chosen for a particular question, please click on the CLEAR RESPONSE button.

    15. A summary of each section, (i.e. questions answered, not answered, marked for review) is available for each section. You have to place the cursor over the section name for this summary.

    16. In case you wish to view a larger font size, please inform the Invigilator. On the Invigilator's confirmation, click on the font size you wish to select. The font size will be visible on the top.

    17. You may view INSTRUCTIONS at any point of time during exam, by clicking on the INSTRUCTIONS button on your screen.

    18. The SUBMIT button will be activated after 150 Minutes. It will continue for an additional 50 Minutes for PWD candidate eligible for compensatory time. Please keep checking the timer on your screen.

    19. In case of automatic or manual log out, all your attempted responses will be saved. Also, the exam will start from the time where it had stopped.

    20. You will be provided a blank sheet for rough work. Do write your Login ID and Password on it. Please ensure that you return it to the invigilator at the end of the exam after tearing ONLY the password from it.

    21. Please don’t touch the key board as your exam ID will get locked. If your ID gets locked, please inform a nearby invigilator who will help in unlocking your ID and then you can continue with the exam.

    22. Please inform the invigilator in case of any technical issues.

    23. Please do not talk to or disturb other candidates.

    24. In case you are carrying articles other than the admit card, photo identity proof and pen, please leave them outside the exam room.

    25. You cannot leave exam room before submitting the paper. Please inform the invigilator if you want to use the wash room.



(G.O. MS. NO. 5 Scheduled Castes Development (POA.A2) Dept., Dt. 08/08/2015 read with G.O. Ms. No.

11, Scheduled Castes Development (POA.A2) Dept., Dt. 17/09/2014 and G.O. Ms. No. 2 Scheduled Castes Development (POA.A2) Dept., Dt. 22.01.2015)


  1. Adi Andhra

  2. Adi Dravida

  3. Anamuk

  4. Aray Mala

  5. Arundhatiya

  6. Arwa Mala

  7. Bariki

  8. Bavuri

  9. Beda (Budga) Jangam

  10. Bindla

  11. Byagara, Byagari

  12. Chachati

  13. Chalavadi

  14. Chamar, Mochi, Muchi, Chamar-Ravidas, Chamar- Rohidas

  15. Chambhar

  16. Chandala

  17. Dakkal, Dokkalwar

  18. Dandasi

  19. Dhor

  20. Dom, Dombara, Paidi, Pano

  21. Ellamalawar, Yellammalawandlu

  22. Ghasi, Haddi, Relli, Chanchandi

  23. Godari

  24. Gosangi

  25. Holeya

  26. Holeya Dasari

  27. Jaggali

  28. Jambuvulu

  29. Kolupulvandlu, Pambada, Pambanda, Pambala

  30. Madasi Kuruva, Madari Kuruva

  31. Madiga

  32. Madiga Dasu, Mashteen

  33. Mahar

  34. Mala, Mala Ayawaru

  35. Mala Dasari

  36. Mala Dasu

  37. Mala Hannai

  38. Malajangam

  39. Mala Masti

  40. Mala Sale, Nethani

  41. Mala Sanyasi

  42. Mang

  43. Mang Garodi

  44. Manne

  45. Mashti

  46. Matangi

  47. Mehtar

  48. Mitha Ayyalvar

  49. Mundala

  50. Paky, Moti, Thoti

  51. Pamidi

  52. Panchama, Pariah

  53. Relli

  54. Samagara

  55. Samban

  56. Sapru

  57. Sindhollu, Chindollu

  58. Yatala

  59. Valluvan


  1. Andh, Sadhu Andh

  2. Bagata

  3. Bhil

  4. Chenchu

  5. Gadabas, Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Kallayi Gadaba, Parangi Gadaba, Kathera Gadaba, Kapu Gadaba

  6. Gond, Naikpod, Rajgond, Koitur

  7. Goudu (in the Agency tracts)

  8. Hill Reddis

  9. Jatapus

  10. Kammara

  11. Kattunayakan

  12. Kolam, Kolawar

  13. Konda Dhoras, Kubi

  14. Konda Kapus

  15. Kondareddis

  16. Kondhs, Kodi, Kodhu, Desaya Kondhs, Dongria Kondhs, Kuttiya Kondhs, Tikiria Kondhs, Yenity Kondhs, Kuvinga

  17. Kotia, Bentho Oriya, Bartika, Dulia, Holya, Sanrona, Sidhopaiko

  18. Koya, Doli Koya, Gutta Koya, Kammara Koya, Musara Koya, Oddi Koya, Pattidi Koya, Rajah, Rasha Koya, Lingadhari Koya (ordinary), Kottu Koya, Bhine Koya, Rajkoya

  19. Kulia

  20. Manna Dhora

  21. Mukha Dhora, Nooka Dhora

  22. Nayaks (in the Agency tracts)

  23. Pardhan

  24. Porja, Parangiperja

  25. Reddi Dhoras

  26. Rona, Rena

  27. Savaras, Kapu Savaras, Maliya Savaras, Khutto Savaras

  28. Sugalis, Lambadis, Banjara

  29. Thoti (in Adilabad, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad and Warangal districts)

  30. Yenadis, Chella Yenadi, Kappala Yenadi, Manchi Yenadi, Reddi Yenadi

  31. Yerukulas, Koracha, Dabba Yerukula, Kunchapuri Yerukula, Uppu Yerukula

  32. Nakkala, Kurvikaran.


As per G.O. Ms. No. 16 Backward Classes Welfare (OP) Department, Dated:11.03.2015 and read with G.O.MS.No. 34, Backward Classes Welfare (OP) Department, Dated: 08/10/2015, G.O. Ms. No. 4 Backward Classes Welfare (OP) Department, Dated: 30/01/2016


(List of Backward Classes of Telangana State) GROUP-A

(Aboriginal Tribes, Vimuktha Jathis, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes etc.)

  1. Agnikulakshatriya, Palli, Vadabalija, Bestha, Jalari, Gangavar, Gangaputra, Goondla, Vanyakulakshatriya (Vannekapu, Vannereddi, Pallikapu, Pallireddi) Neyyala, Pattapu.

  2. Balasanthu, Bahurupi

  3. *[Bandara]

  4. Budabukkala

  5. Rajaka (Chakali, Vannar)

  6. Dasari (formerly engaged in Bikshatana i.e., Beggary) 7 Dommara

  1. Gangiredlavaru

  2. Jangam (whose traditional occupation is begging) 10 Jogi

  1. Katipapala

  2. *[Korcha]

  3. Lambada or Banjara in Telangana area (deleted and included in ST list vide. G.O.Ms.No.149, SW, Dt.03.05.1978)

  4. Medari or Mahendra

  5. Mondivaru, Mondibanda, Banda

  6. Nayi-Brahmin/Nayee-Brahmin (Mangali), Mangala and Bhajantri

  7. Nakkala (deleted vide. G.O.Ms.No.21, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.20.06.2011, since it is included in the list of Scheduled Tribes at Sl.No.34 vide. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Order (Amendment) Act, 2002 (Central Act No.10 of 2003)

  8. Vamsha Raj / Pitchiguntla 19 Pamula

  1. Pardhi (Nirshikari)

  2. Pambala

  3. Peddammavandlu, Devaravandlu, Yellammavandlu, Mutyalammavandlu, Dammali / Dammala / Dammula / Damala

  4. Veeramushti (Nettikotala), Veerabhadreeya

  5. Valmiki Boya (Boya, Bedar, Kirataka, Nishadi, Yellapi, Pedda Boya), Talayari, Chunduvallu (Yellapi and Yellapu are one and the same as clarified vide. G.O.Ms.No.61, BCW (M1) Dept., Dt.05.12.1996)

  6. Yerukalas in Telangana area (deleted and included at Sl.No.31 in the list of STs) 26 Gudala

27 Kanjara – Bhatta 28 *[Kalinga]

29 Kepmare or Reddika 30 Mondepatta

  1. Nokkar

  2. Pariki Muggula

  3. Yata

  4. Chopemari

  5. Kaikadi

  6. Joshinandiwalas

  7. Odde (Oddilu, Vaddi, Vaddelu), Vaddera, Vaddabhovi, Vadiyaraj, Waddera 38 Mandula

  1. Mehtar (Muslim)

  2. Kunapuli

  3. Patra

  4. *[Kurakula]

  5. *[Pondara]

  6. *[Samanthula /Samantha/ Sountia / Sauntia]

  7. Pala-Ekari, Ekila, Vyakula, Ekiri, Nayanivaru, Palegaru, Tolagari, Kavali (area confined to Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only)

  8. Rajannala, Rajannalu (area confined to Karimnagar, Warangal, Nizamabad and Adilabad Districts only)

  9. Bukka Ayyavars

  10. Gotrala

  11. Kasikapadi / Kasikapudi (area confined to Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Nizamabad, Mahaboobnagar and Adilabad Districts only)

  12. Siddula

  13. Sikligar/ Saikalgar

  14. Poosala (included vide. G.O.Ms.No.16, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.02.2009 by deleting from Sl.No.24 under Group-D)

  15. *[Aasadula / Asadula] 54 *[Keuta / Kevuto / Keviti]

55 Orphan and Destitute Children who have lost their parents before reaching the age of ten and are destitute; and who have nobody else to take care of them either by law or custom; and also who are admitted into any of the schools or orphanages run by the Government or recognised by the Government.

  1. *[Achukatlavandlu]


    (Vocational Groups)

  2. Aryakshatriya, Chittari, Giniyar, Chitrakara, Nakhas 3 Devanga

  1. Goud [Ediga, Gouda (Gamalla), Kalalee, Gounda, [*Settibalija of Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari and Krishna districts] and Srisayana (Segidi)

  2. Dudekula, Laddaf, Pinjari or Noorbash 6 Gandla, Telikula, Devathilakula

  1. Jandra

  2. Kummara or Kulala, Salivahana

  3. Karikalabhakthulu, Kaikolan or Kaikala (Sengundam or Sengunther) 10 Karnabhakthulu

11 Kuruba or Kuruma 12 *[Nagavaddilu]

  1. Neelakanthi

  2. Patkar (Khatri)

  3. Perika (Perika Balija, Puragiri kshatriya) 16 Nessi or Kurni

  1. Padmasali (Sali, Salivan, Pattusali, Senapathulu, Thogata Sali)

  2. Srisayana (Segidi) (deleted vide. G.O.Ms.No.63, BCW (M1) Dept., Dt.11.12.1996 and added to Sl.No.4 of Group-B)

  3. Swakulasali

  4. Thogata, Thogati or Thogataveerakshatriya

  5. Viswabrahmin (Ausula, Kamsali, Kammari, Kanchari, Vadla or Vadra or Vadrangi and Silpis), Viswakarma

  6. *[Kunchiti / Vakkaliga / Vakkaligara / Kunchitiga]

  7. Lodh/ Lodhi/ Lodha (area confined to Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Khammam and Adilabad Districts only) 24 Bondili

  1. Are Marathi, Maratha (Non-Brahmins), Arakalies and Surabhi Natakalavallu

  2. Neeli (included vide. G.O.Ms.No. 43, BCW (C2) Dept., Dt.07.08.2008 by deleting from Group D at Sl.No.22)

  3. Budubunjala / Bhunjwa / Bhadbhunja (area confined to Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only) 28 *[Gudia / Gudiya]


(Harijan Converts)

1 Scheduled Castes converts to Christianity and their progeny

  1. *[Agaru]

  2. Arekatika, Katika, Are-Suryavamshi 3 *[Atagara]

  1. Bhatraju

  2. Chippolu (Mera)

  3. *[Gavara]

  4. *[Godaba]

  5. Hatkar

  6. *[Jakkala]

  7. Jingar

  8. *[Kandra]

  9. Koshti

  10. Kachi

  11. Surya Balija (Kalavanthula), Ganika 15 Krishnabalija (Dasari, Bukka)

  1. *[Koppulavelamas]

  2. Mathura

  3. Mali (Bare, Barai, Marar and Tamboli) 19 Mudiraj, Mutrasi, Tenugollu

  1. Munnurukapu

  2. *[Nagavasam (Nagavamsa)]


    (Other Classes)

  3. Nelli (deleted vide. G.O.Ms.No.43, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.07.08.2008 and added at Sl.No.26 in Group 'B') 23 *[Polinati Velamas of Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam districts]

  1. Poosala caste (deleted vide. G.O.Ms.No.16, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt.19.02.2009 and included at S.No.52 under Group-A)

  2. Passi

  3. Rangarez or Bhavasara Kshatriya 27 Sadhuchetty

  1. Satani (Chattadasrivaishnava)

  2. Tammali (Non-Brahmins) (Shudra caste) whose traditional occupation is playing musical instruments, vending of flowers and giving assistance in temple service but not Shivarchakars

  3. *[Turupukapus or Gajulakapus] 31 Uppara or Sagara

  1. Vanjara (Vanjari)

  2. Yadava (Golla)

  3. Are, Arevallu and Arollu 35 *[Sadara / Sadaru]

  1. *[Arava]

  2. Ayyaraka (area confined to Khammam and Warangal Districts only) 38 Nagaralu (area confined to Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only)

  1. Aghamudian, Aghamudiar, Agamudivellalar and Agamudimudaliar (including Thuluva Vellalas) (area confined to Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only)

  2. *[Beri Vysya / Beri Chetty] 41 *[Atirasa]

42 Sondi / Sundi 43 Varala

  1. Sistakaranam

  2. Lakkamarikapu

  3. Veerashaiva Lingayat / Lingabalija 47 Kurmi


(Socially and Educationally Backward Classes of Muslims)

(Subject to outcome of Civil Appeal No(s).2628-2637/2010 etc., pending before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India)

  1. Achchukattalavandlu, Singali, Singamvallu, Achchupanivallu, Achchukattuvaru, Achukatlavandlu

  2. Attar Saibulu, Attarollu

  3. Dhobi Muslim/ Muslim Dhobi/ Dhobi Musalman, Turka Chakla or Turka Sakala, Turaka Chakali, Tulukka Vannan, Tsakalas, Sakalas or Chakalas, Muslim Rajakas

  4. Faqir, Fhakir Budbudki, Ghanti Fhakir, Ghanta Fhakirlu, Turaka Budbudki, Darvesh, Fakeer 5 Garadi Muslim, Garadi Saibulu, Pamulavallu, Kani-Kattuvallu, Garadollu, Garadiga

  1. Gosangi Muslim, Phakeer Sayebulu

  2. Guddi Eluguvallu, Elugu Bantuvallu, Musalman Keelu Gurralavallu 8 Hajam, Nai, Nai Muslim, Navid

  1. Labbi, Labbai, Labbon, Labba

  2. Pakeerla, Borewale, Deera Phakirlu, Bonthala

  3. Qureshi, Kureshi/ Khureshi, Khasab, Marati Khasab, Muslim Katika, Khatik Muslim 12 Shaik/ Sheikh

  1. Siddi, Yaba, Habshi, Jasi

  2. Turaka Kasha, Kakkukotte Zinka Saibulu, Chakkitakanevale, Terugadu Gontalavaru, Thirugatigantla, Rollaku Kakku Kottevaru, Pattar Phodulu, Chakketakare, Thuraka Kasha


* omitted vide G.O Ms.No.3, BCW(OP) Dept., Dated:14.08.2014

N.B.: 1. The above list is for information and subject to confirmation with reference to G.O.Ms.No. 58, SW(J) Department, dated 12.05.1997 and time to time orders.

2. On account of any reason whatsoever in case of any doubt/ dispute arising in the matter of community status (SC/ST/BC/OC) of any candidate, subject to satisfaction with regard to relevant rules and regulations in force the decision of the Commission shall be final in all such cases.